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Interleukin (IL)-23 is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of a unique p19 subunit, and a common p40 subunit shared with IL-12. IL-12 is important for the development of T helper (Th)1 cells that are essential for host defense and tumor suppression. In contrast, IL-23 does not promote the development of interferon-gamma-producing Th1 cells, but is one of the(More)
Interleukin (IL) 23 is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of a p19 subunit and the p40 subunit of IL-12. IL-23 affects memory T cell and inflammatory macrophage function through engagement of a novel receptor (IL-23R) on these cells. Recent analysis of the contribution of IL-12 and IL-23 to central nervous system autoimmune inflammation demonstrated that(More)
Interleukin (IL)-25 is a member of the IL-17 family of cytokines. However, unlike the other members of this family, IL-25 promotes T helper (Th) 2 responses. We now show that IL-25 also regulates the development of autoimmune inflammation mediated by IL-17-producing T cells. We have generated IL-25-deficient (il25-/-) mice and found that they are highly(More)
Sphingosine kinase (Sphk) phosphorylates sphingosine into sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), but its recently identified isoform Sphk2 has been suggested to have distinct subcellular localization and substrate specificity. We demonstrate here that, surprisingly, Sphk2(-/-) CD4(+) T cells exhibit a hyperactivated phenotype with significantly enhanced(More)
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