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Fibrin deposition is prominent in the histopathologic features of chronic interstitial lung disease. Human alveolar macrophages can potentially modulate this process because normal macrophages synthesize and express the initial enzymes of both coagulation and fibrinolytic pathways. In the present study, we examined the cell-associated procoagulant activity(More)
AIMS Hyperglycaemia (HG), in stroke patients, is associated with worse neurological outcome by compromising endothelial cell function and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity. We have studied the contribution of HG-mediated generation of oxidative stress to these pathologies and examined whether antioxidants as well as normalization of glucose levels(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Enhanced vascular permeability attributable to disruption of blood-brain barrier results in the development of cerebral edema after stroke. Using an in vitro model of the brain barrier composed of human brain microvascular endothelial cells and human astrocytes, this study explored whether small GTPase RhoA and its effector protein(More)
Stroke is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity, with astronomical financial repercussions on health systems worldwide. Ischaemic stroke accounts for approximately 80-85% of all cases and is characterised by the disruption of cerebral blood flow and lack of oxygen to the affected area. Oxidative stress culminates due to an imbalance between(More)
Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in western populations, with up to 40% of survivors not expected to recover independence from severe disabilities. This equates to an immense financial burden on health systems worldwide. Hence further education is required to inform individuals of the risks to promote secondary prevention strategies in(More)
No mechanism for the initiation of immunological clearance of Giardia from the mammalian intestinal tract has been identified. In normal and nude mice experimentally infected with G. muris, we examined antigen-sampling epithelium over Peyer's patch follicles by electron microscopy for evidence of interaction between G. muris and lymphoid cells. Invading G.(More)
In this study in seven primary care facilities the proportion of children recognized as having behavioral, educational, or social problems was much higher than generally assumed. Although there was great variability among the facilities, at least 5% and as many as 15% of children seen in one year were diagnosed as having these problems in all but the(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) and platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) are associated with excessive cell migration, proliferation and many growth-related diseases. However, whether these agents utilise similar mechanisms to trigger vascular pathologies remains to be explored. The effects of Ang II and PDGF-BB on coronary artery smooth muscle cell (CASMC)(More)
Both fibrin and tissue macrophages are prominent in the histopathology of chronic inflammatory pulmonary disease. We therefore examined the procoagulant activity of freshly lavaged human alveolar macrophages in vitro. Intact macrophages (5 X 10(5) cells) from 13 healthy volunteers promoted clotting of whole plasma in a mean of 65 s. Macrophage procoagulant(More)
The nature of the procoagulant activity of normal bronchoalveolar fluid was examined both qualitatively and quantitatively. Unconcentrated, cell-free lavage freshly obtained from normal volunteers clotted normal plasma in a mean of 84 +/- 20 s. The procoagulant activity was initiated by Factor VII-tissue factor complexes as judged by differential activity(More)