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BACKGROUND National surveillance of gastrointestinal pathogens, such as Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 (STEC O157), is key to rapidly identifying linked cases in the distributed food network to facilitate public health interventions. In this study, we used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) as a tool to inform national surveillance of STEC O157 in(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to isolate Escherichia coli O26, O103, O111 and O145 from 745 samples of bovine faeces using (i) immunomagnetic separation (IMS) beads coated with antibodies to lipopolysaccharide, and slide agglutination (SA) tests and (ii) PCR and DNA probes for the detection of the Verocytotoxin (VT) genes. METHODS AND RESULTS IMS-SA(More)
Rectal fecal samples were taken once a week from 49 calves on the same farm. In addition, the dams of the calves were sampled at the time of calf birth and at the end of the study. Strains of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) were isolated from these samples by using PCR and DNA probe hybridization tests and were characterized with respect to(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of a multiplex PCR assay targeting the aat, aaiA and astA genes for the detection of typical and atypical enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) in bacterial cultures from faecal samples from patients with community-acquired diarrhoea. The isolates harbouring these genes were also tested using the HEp-2(More)
BACKGROUND Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O26 causes diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Strains harboring the stx1a gene prevail, but strains with stx2a as the sole Shiga toxin-encoding gene are now emerging. The traits and virulence of the latter set of strains are unknown. We correlated stx genotypes of 272 EHEC O26 strains isolated(More)
Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 is a recently emerged zoonotic pathogen with considerable morbidity. Since the emergence of this serotype in the 1980s, research has focussed on unravelling the evolutionary events from the E. coli O55:H7 ancestor to the contemporaneous globally dispersed strains observed today. In this study, the(More)
Patients with haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) and haemorrhagic colitis (HC) produce serum antibodies to the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of Escherichia coli O157 and certain other E. coli serogroups. Patients may also make salivary antibodies to the LPS of E. coli O157. Serological tests based on these antibodies can be used to provide evidence of infection(More)
Certain strains of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) which do not have the locus of enterocyte effacement pathogenicity island carry the STEC autoagglutinating adhesin (saa) gene. The distribution of the saa gene in STEC isolates from patients with hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), patients with less severe diarrheal disease, asymptomatic(More)
AIMS Strains of Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) from Scottish beef cattle on the same farm were isolated during four visits over a period of eight months. Characteristics of these strains were examined to allow comparisons with strains of VTEC associated with human infection. METHODS AND RESULTS Strains were characterized to investigate(More)
A DNA microarray was used to analyze the distribution of plasmid and chromosomal genes among strains of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) isolated from a prospective diarrhoea surveillance study in the United Kingdom. Target genes were extracted from existing databases and from the genome sequence of prototype EAEC strain 042. We found that strains(More)