Claire Jenkins

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AIMS The aim of this study was to isolate Escherichia coli O26, O103, O111 and O145 from 745 samples of bovine faeces using (i) immunomagnetic separation (IMS) beads coated with antibodies to lipopolysaccharide, and slide agglutination (SA) tests and (ii) PCR and DNA probes for the detection of the Verocytotoxin (VT) genes. METHODS AND RESULTS IMS-SA(More)
PCR-RFLP methods for subtyping the intimin gene from strains of typical and atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC) were compared. A novel HhaI PCR-RFLP method was developed that was rapid, easy to use and amplified an 1852 bp fragment of the intimin gene from all isolates examined. This method was used(More)
Certain strains of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) which do not have the locus of enterocyte effacement pathogenicity island carry the STEC autoagglutinating adhesin (saa) gene. The distribution of the saa gene in STEC isolates from patients with hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), patients with less severe diarrheal disease, asymptomatic(More)
A strain of Escherichia coli O111:H21 recently isolated in the United Kingdom harbored the phage-encoded vtx2c gene and the aggregative adherence plasmid. Although exhibiting the same pathogenic profile as the E. coli O104:H4 strain linked to the outbreak in Germany, there were important differences in strain characteristics and in the epidemiological(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAggEC) is an important cause of diarrhea worldwide, and there is a need for better detection methods in diagnostic laboratories. The aims of this study were i) to characterize strains of EAggEC by assigning each isolate a genotypic profile and (ii) to determine target genes for the detection of both typical and atypical(More)
The implementation of direct testing of clinical faecal specimens for gastrointestinal (GI) pathogens by PCR offers a sensitive and comprehensive approach for the detection of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). The introduction of a commercial PCR assay, known as GI PCR, for the detection of GI pathogens at three frontline hospital laboratories(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to gain an insight into the molecular mechanisms of the evolution of rifampicin resistance in response to controlled changes in the environment. METHODS We determined the proportion of rpoB mutants in the chemostat culture and characterized the sequence of mutations found in the rifampicin resistance-determining region(More)
The ability of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) to cause severe illness in humans is determined by multiple host factors and bacterial characteristics, including Shiga toxin (Stx) subtype. Given the link between Stx2a subtype and disease severity, we sought to identify the stx subtypes present in whole genome sequences (WGS) of 444 isolates of(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serotype O117:K1:H7 is a cause of persistent diarrhea in travelers to tropical locations. Whole genome sequencing identified genetic mechanisms involved in the pathoadaptive phenotype. Sequencing also identified toxin and putative adherence genes flanked by sequences indicating horizontal gene transfer from Shigella(More)
The accessibility of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) presents the opportunity for national reference laboratories to provide a state-of-the-art public health surveillance service. The replacement of traditional serology-based typing of Escherichia coli by WGS is supported by user-friendly, freely available data analysis Web tools. An article in this issue of(More)