Claire J Watkins

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Histone acetylation has a central role in the control of gene expression, influencing transcriptional control of many genes, including tumor suppressor genes. PXD101 is a novel hydroxamate-type inhibitor of histone deacetylase activity that inhibits histone deacetylase activity in HeLa cell extracts with an IC(50) of 27 nM and induces a(More)
1. We have studied the pharmacology of the depolarization by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) of the guinea-pig isolated superior cervical ganglion (SCG) using the grease-gap technique. We studied the effects of selective and non-selective antagonists on the responses to 5-HT and other 5-HT receptor agonists. 2. We have extended the pharmacology of the 5-HT3(More)
We have studied the effects of single and repeated electroconvulsive shock (ECS) treatment on the mRNA levels of several glutamate receptors in the dentate gyrus and CA1 regions of the rat brain. In the dentate gyrus, such treatment elevated the mRNAs for the NMDA subunits NR2A and NR2B, but it reduced the mRNA for the metabotropic glutamate receptor(More)
The action of a novel 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, AS-5370, has been studied on two electrophysiological models for 5-HT3 receptors: whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from mouse neuroblastoma-rat glioma (NG108-15) cells and grease-gap recordings from rat isolated vagus nerve. The 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-induced fast inward current of voltage-clamped(More)
Primers for 5-HT2A, 5-HT2B and 5-HT2C receptor mRNAs were used in reverse transcriptase-linked polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR) to determine the presence of these transcripts in the guinea pig superior cervical ganglion. This was done to help identify an as yet unknown 5-HT2-like receptor which, in addition to 5-HT2A receptors, mediates a slow(More)
The interaction of the enantiomers of mianserin with the 5-HT3 receptor was determined. Using [3H]granisetron binding, (-)-mianserin was more potent than (+)-mianserin (pKi 8.46 and 6.95, respectively). The enantiomers competitively antagonized the depolarizing effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the rat vagus nerve preparation (pKapp: (-)-mianserin 8.13,(More)
Grease-gap recordings revealed that 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) depolarized the ferret vagus nerve (pEC50 = 4.9). This response was mimicked by 2-methyl-5-HT and 1-phenylbiguanide, but not by 5-carboxamidotryptamine. Paroxetine (1 microM) or ketamine (10 microM) did not potentiate the response. Ketanserin (1 microM) did not reduce the depolarization, but(More)
The effect of a novel 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, BRL 46470, has been studied on two electrophysiological models for 5-HT3 receptors: grease-gap recordings from rat isolated vagus nerve and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from mouse neuroblastoma-rat glioma NG108-15 cells. Its action on the rat vagus nerve was compared to that of four other 5-HT3 receptor(More)
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