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We present a longitudinal study of children in the first two years of learning to read. A battery of tests of phonological skills administered when the children were prereaders identified two distinct and relatively independent factors, Rhyming (defined by measures of rhyme detection and rhyme production) and Segmentation (defined by measures of phoneme(More)
In this paper we consider the nature and consequences of the development of phonological skills in children. We begin with evidence for developmental refinements in phonological processes. These developments, in turn, affect a variety of other skills. We consider two particular examples: the relationship between the development of speech skills and verbal(More)
BACKGROUND There are over 25 million people worldwide living with or beyond cancer and this number is increasing. Cancer survivors face a range of problems following primary treatment. One of the most frequently reported and distressing symptoms experienced by cancer survivors is fatigue. There is growing support for survivors who are experiencing problems(More)
The development of decoding skills has traditionally been viewed as a stage-like process during which children's reading strategies change as a consequence of the acquisition of phonological awareness. More explicit accounts of the mechanisms involved in learning to read are provided by recent connectionist models in which children learn mappings initially(More)
OBJECTIVE To review non-drug treatments for dementia; to provide a source of evidence for informal carers who want ideas about non-drug approaches for dementia, that they might try or that they could try to access. The systematic review addresses: what non-drug treatments work and what do they work for? What non-drug treatments might work and what for? What(More)
We present a study of the accuracy, consistency, and speed of word naming in a dyslexic boy, JM, who has severe impairments in the ability to use sub-lexical, phonological reading strategies. For words that he can recognise, JM's naming latencies do not differ from those of control subjects matched for reading age, and he is generally consistent from one(More)
Three experiments investigating children's performance on tests of sound categorization are reported. In two experiments, the children had to decide which was the "odd one out" in a sequence of three, four, and five words. In each case the "oddity" judgement required selecting the word which differed in its final consonant, producing a different rime(More)
BACKGROUND Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is estimated to occur in 10-15% of people with psoriasis and accounts for 13% of people attending early arthritis clinics. With an increasing awareness of the poor outcomes associated with PsA and the availability of new effective, but costly, treatments, there is an urgent need to research the optimal treatment for(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the diet costs of adults in the National Diet and Nutrition Study (NDNS) and explore patterns in costs according to sociodemographic indicators. DESIGN Cross-sectional diet diary information was matched to a database of food prices to assign a cost to each food or non-alcoholic beverage consumed. Daily diet costs were calculated, as(More)
PRESSURE 2 is a multicentre, randomised, double triangular group sequential, parallel group trial involving 2954 patients, comparing High Specification Foam (HSF) and Alternating Pressure Mattresses (APMs) in high risk acute patients for the prevention of new pressure ulcers (PUs). The primary endpoint is time to developing a new Category ≥2 PU from(More)