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Patients with ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (ED-ID) caused by mutations in the inhibitor of NF-κB α (IκBα) are susceptible to severe recurrent infections, despite normal T and B cell numbers and intact in vitro lymphocyte function. Moreover, the outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in these patients is poor despite good(More)
In the process of generating transgenic mice, inserted foreign DNA can cause insertional inactivation of the flanking genetic locus and simultaneously provide a molecular tag for localizing and cloning the inactivated gene. We describe the case of an insertional mutation leading, in animals homozygous for the insertion, to severe anaemia that was lethal(More)
The binding of calmodulin to spectrin from human erythrocytes has been studied by affinity chromatography on sepharose-calmodulin column. The alpha and beta spectrin chains, dissociated in 6-7 M urea, both bound to the sepharose-calmodulin column, but with different affinities. Both chains were eluted together by EGTA. Binding sites for calmodulin are,(More)
A patient with an unclassified form of acquired dyserythropoiesis was found to have multiple defects in erythrocyte enzyme activity, involving especially pyruvate kinase (PK), glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI), and phosphofructokinase (PFK). The PK activity defect was associated with a normal concentration of PK-related antigen, and the enzyme could be(More)
Among 80 hereditary spherocytosis (HS) kindreds studied using denaturing electrophoretic separation of solubilized eythrocyte membrane proteins, we recognized three prominent subsets: HS with isolated spectrin deficiency, HS with combined spectrin and ankyrin deficiency, and HS with band 3 deficiency These three subsets represent more than 80% of the HS(More)
We studied a family with autosomal dominant hereditary spherocytosis (HS) associated with a mild spectrin deficiency. Linkage analysis using two microsatellite markers (D14S63 and D14S271) very close to the beta-spectrin gene (SPTB) showed that HS co-segregated with alleles of these microsatellite markers and the linkage between the marker and HS was(More)
Several polymorphic mutations are located on the spectrin alpha-chain; among these the variant termed alpha IIa is characterized by an acid shift in the isoelectric point of the tryptic digest peptides 46 kDa and 35 kDa. In this variant a single amino acid substitution (alanine to aspartic acid) occurred at position 972 of the spectrin alpha-chain due to a(More)
Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is an inherited hemolytic anemia characterized by the presence of dense spherocytic red cells. In HS patients, red cell membrane protein gel electrophoresis has identified different subsets of abnormalities: isolated spectrin deficiency, combined spectrin and ankyrin deficiency, band 3 deficiency. To direct the search for the(More)
Two patients with mild chronic haemolytic anaemia, a mother and her son, were found to be heterozygous for erythrocyte pyruvate kinase deficiency. In the red blood cells the enzymatic activity was reduced by about 50% and the residual PK had normal kinetic properties, stability and electrofocusing pattern. The PK antigen concentration was also decreased by(More)