Claire E. Walters

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Neuroinflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), result from aberrant leukocyte traffic into the central nervous system (CNS). To breach the specialized blood-brain barrier, activated leukocytes interact with CNS endothelial cells (EC) and activate a CD54-mediated signaling pathway controlling the Rho GTPase. To function correctly Rho requires(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 2 is a negative regulator of growth hormone (GH) signaling that regulates body growth postnatally and neuronal differentiation during development. SOCS2 binds to the GH receptor and inhibits GH signaling, including attenuation of STAT5 activation. Here we describe a new function and mechanism of action for SOCS2.(More)
The ICAM-1-mediated brain endothelial cell (EC)-signaling pathway induced by adherent lymphocytes is a central element in facilitating lymphocyte migration through the tight endothelial barrier of the brain. Rho proteins, which must undergo posttranslational prenylation to be functionally active, have been shown to be an essential component of this(More)
To examine the role of the ICAM-1 C-terminal domain in transendothelial T lymphocyte migration and ICAM-1-mediated signal transduction, mutant human (h)ICAM-1 molecules were expressed in rat brain microvascular endothelial cells. The expression of wild-type hICAM-1 resulted in a significant increase over basal levels in both adhesion and transendothelial(More)
Addition of the beta-hydroxy-beta-methylglutaryl-CoA (HmG-CoA) reductase inhibitor lovastatin to human HEK cells transfected with the amyloid precursor protein (APP) reduces intracellular cholesterol/protein ratios by 50%, and markedly inhibits beta-secretase cleavage of newly-synthesized APP. Exogenous water-solubilized cholesterol at 200 microg/ml(More)
Angiogenesis is essential in physiological processes including ovulation, implantation and pregnancy. One of the most potent regulators is the cytokine vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We provide evidence for a novel pregnancy-associated soluble variant of the VEGF receptor Flt-1. VEGF ranged from undetectable to 157.3 pg/ml (mean 49.9 pg/ml, SD(More)
Neuronal differentiation of neural progenitor cells is regulated by a variety of growth and transcription factors, that not only regulate cell fate of the progenitor cells but that can also regulate neuronal morphology. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-2 (SOCS2) is an intracellular regulator of Growth Hormone (GH) signaling that is expressed in neural stem(More)
We have isolated a 3.3-kb DNA containing the two exons and a 2.6-kb intron of the human CPX2 gene. This gene encodes the intestinal isoenzyme of glutathione peroxidase, GSHPx-GI. Consistent signals were detected at 14q24.1 when this DNA was used as a probe for fluorescence in situ hybridization on metaphase chromosomes. Based on either single-stranded(More)
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