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This review gives an overview of enzymatic reactions that have been conducted on substrates attached to solid surfaces. Such biochemical reactions have become more important with the drive to miniaturisation and automation in chemistry, biology and medicine. Technical aspects such as choice of solid surface and analytical methods are discussed and examples(More)
The availability of label-free data derived from yeast cells (based on the summed intensity of the three strongest, isoform-specific peptides) permitted a preliminary assessment of protein abundances for glycolytic proteins. Following this analysis, we demonstrate successful application of the QconCAT technology, which uses recombinant DNA techniques to(More)
Mass spectrometric based methods for absolute quantification of proteins, such as QconCAT, rely on internal standards of stable-isotope labeled reference peptides, or "Q-peptides," to act as surrogates. Key to the success of this and related methods for absolute protein quantification (such as AQUA) is selection of the Q-peptide. Here we describe a novel(More)
One of the main goals of comparative cell signaling analyses is the characterization of protein changes between different biological samples, either globally or by targeting specific proteins of interest. Highly accurate and precise strategies are thus required for the relative quantification of proteins extracted from two or more different cell(More)
The human Tribbles (TRB)-related pseudokinases are CAMK (calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase)-related family members that have evolved a series of highly unusual motifs in the 'pseudocatalytic' domain. In canonical kinases, conserved amino acids bind to divalent metal ions and align ATP prior to efficient phosphoryl-transfer to substrates. However,(More)
Mass spectrometry is the primary analytical technique used to characterize the complex oligosaccharides that decorate cell surfaces. Monosaccharide building blocks are often simple epimers, which when combined produce diastereomeric glycoconjugates indistinguishable by mass spectrometry. Structure elucidation frequently relies on assumptions that(More)
Mass spectrometry is a vital tool for molecular characterization, and the allied technique of ion mobility is enhancing many areas of (bio)chemical analysis. Strong synergy arises between these two techniques because of their ability to ascertain complementary information about gas-phase ions. Ion mobility separates ions (from small molecules up to(More)
Selected reaction monitoring (SRM) has a long history of use in the area of quantitative MS. In recent years, the approach has seen increased application to quantitative proteomics, facilitating multiplexed relative and absolute quantification studies in a variety of organisms. This article discusses SRM, after introducing the context of quantitative(More)
(R)-Lacosamide ((R)-2, (R)-N-benzyl 2-acetamido-3-methoxypropionamide) has recently gained regulatory approval for the treatment of partial-onset seizures in adults. Whole animal pharmacological studies have documented that (R)-2 function is unique. A robust strategy is advanced for the discovery of interacting proteins associated with function and toxicity(More)
Quantification of the stoichiometry of phosphorylation is usually achieved using a mixture of phosphatase treatment and differential isotopic labeling. Here, we introduce a new approach to the concomitant determination of absolute protein concentration and the stoichiometry of phosphorylation at predefined sites. The method exploits QconCAT to quantify(More)