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Previous reports have suggested a role for weather conditions and air pollution on the variability of sickle cell disease (SCD) severity, but large-scale comprehensive epidemiological studies are lacking. In order to evaluate the influence of air pollution and climatic factors on emergency hospital admissions (EHA) in SCD patients, we conducted an 8-year(More)
Many associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified by association studies for numerous diseases. However, the association between a SNP and a disease can result from a causal variant in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with the considered SNP. Assuming that the true causal variant is among the genotyped SNPs, other authors demonstrated(More)
We give a short but detailed review of the methods used to deal with linear mixed models (restricted likelihood, AIREML algorithm, best linear unbiased predictors, etc.), with a few original points. Then we describe three common applications of the linear mixed model in contemporary human genetics: association testing (pathways analysis or rare variants(More)
The heritability of a trait is the proportion of its variance explained by genetic factors; it has historically been estimated using familial data. However, new methods have appeared for estimating heritabilities using genomewide data from unrelated individuals. A drawback of this strategy is that population stratification can bias the estimates. Indeed, an(More)
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