Claire Céni

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The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) potentiates Trk signaling, but the underlying mechanisms remain uncertain. Here, we examine the relationship between p75NTR cleavage and Trk signaling. We found that, in PC12 cells, nerve growth factor (NGF) induces rapid and robust alpha-secretase- and gamma-secretase-dependent cleavage of p75NTR, releasing the(More)
The uncleaved, pro-form of nerve growth factor (proNGF) functions as a pro-apoptotic ligand for the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR). However, some reports have indicated that proneurotrophins bind and activate Trk receptors. In this study, we have examined proneurotrophin receptor binding and activation properties in an attempt to reconcile these(More)
Target-derived neurotrophins regulate neuronal survival and growth by interacting with cell-surface tyrosine kinase receptors. The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75 NTR) is coexpressed with Trk receptors in long-range projection neurons, in which it facilitates neurotrophin binding to Trk and enhances Trk activity. Here, we show that TrkA and TrkB receptors(More)
Signaling by TrkA and TrkB receptor tyrosine kinase is required for peripheral neuron survival. TrkA and TrkB signaling is facilitated by the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily, through mechanisms that remain obscure. Here, we demonstrate that TrkA and TrkB induces MEK-dependent(More)
The neurotrophins play crucial roles regulating survival and apoptosis in the developing and injured nervous system. The four neurotrophins exert profound and crucial survival effects on developing peripheral neurons, and their expression and action is intimately tied to successful innervation of peripheral targets. In the central nervous system, they are(More)
The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) collaborates with the Nogo receptor (NgR) and LINGO-1 to activate RhoA in response to myelin-based growth inhibitors such as myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG). In this issue of Neuron, Domeniconi et al., in a surprising turn, show that MAG induces intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) of p75NTR and find that p75NTR(More)
LAMP5 is member of the LAMP family of membrane proteins. In contrast to the canonical members of this protein family, LAMP1 and LAMP2, which show widespread expression in many tissues, LAMP 5 is brain specific in mice. In C. elegans, the LAMP5 ortholog UNC-46 has been suggested to act a trafficking chaperone, essential for the correct targeting of the(More)