Claire Boccaccio

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Dendritic cells (DCs) are thought to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of HIV-1 infection. DCs are believed to transport virus particles to lymph nodes before transfer to CD4(+) lymphocytes. We have investigated the role of Nef in these processes. HIV-1 replication was examined in human immature DC-lymphocyte cocultures and in DCs or lymphocytes(More)
DC-SIGN, a dendritic cell (DC)-specific lectin, mediates clustering of DCs with T lymphocytes, a crucial event in the initiation of immune responses. DC-SIGN also binds HIV envelope glycoproteins, allowing efficient virus capture by DCs. We show here that DC-SIGN surface levels are upregulated in HIV-1-infected DCs. This process is caused by the viral(More)
Dendritic cells and macrophages can process extracellular antigens for presentation by MHC-I molecules. This exogenous pathway may have a crucial role in the activation of CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes during human viral infections. We show here that HIV-1 epitopes derived from incoming virions are presented through the exogenous MHC-I pathway in primary(More)
We have used bee venom phospholipase A2 as a vector to load human dendritic cells ex vivo with a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted epitope fused to its C-terminus. The fusion protein bound to human monocyte-derived dendritic cells and was internalized into early endosomes. In vitro immunization experiments showed that these dendritic(More)
Cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes (CTL) directed against the matrix protein pp65 are major effectors in controlling infection against human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a persistent virus of the Betaherpesvirus family. We previously suggested that cross-presentation of pp65 by nonpermissive dendritic cells (DCs) could overcome viral strategies that interfere with(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are the most potent antigen presenting cells and therefore represent a promising tool for cancer immuno-therapy. We developed single use cell processors, allowing generation of large numbers of clinical grade monocyte-derived DC in serum free medium containing GM-CSF and IL-13. We have previously demonstrated that these DC cross present(More)
Knowing that human blood monocyte-derived dendritic cells express cell-surface mannose-specific lectins, we prepared various mannoses containing glycoconjugates with the aim of developing highly specific synthetic carriers of oligonucleotides and genes. Conjugates were prepared from oligosaccharides obtained by hydrazinolysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)