Claire Angélique Renard

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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the major primary malignant tumor in the human liver, but the molecular changes leading to liver cell transformation remain largely unknown. The Wnt-beta-catenin pathway is activated in colon cancers and some melanoma cell lines, but has not yet been investigated in HCC. We have examined the status of the beta-catenin gene(More)
Inappropriate activation of the Wnt pathway resulting from beta-catenin gene alterations has recently been implicated in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To explore the in vivo effects of mutated beta-catenin, HCC specimens from 32 patients carrying one or several tumors were screened for somatic mutations in exon 3 of the beta-catenin(More)
The high oncogenic efficiency of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) has been correlated with the ability of this virus to provoke insertional activation of myc family genes. To assess the impact of viral integration on liver cell transformation, we have generated transgenic mice carrying the mutated c-myc gene and adjacent viral DNA from a woodchuck tumor, in(More)
We present evidence for a novel member of the hepadnavirus family that is endemic in wild arctic ground squirrels (Spermophylus parryi kennicotti) in Alaska. This virus, designated arctic squirrel hepatitis virus (ASHV), was initially detected in the livers of animals bearing large hepatic nodules by nucleic acid hybridization with hepadnavirus probes and(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major type of primary liver cancer and one of the rare human neoplasms etiologically linked to viral factors. Chronic infections with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and the hepatitis C virus (HCV) have been implicated in about 80% of cases worldwide, and other known environmental risk factors, including alcohol abuse and(More)
Transgenic mice carrying the c-myc oncogene under control of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) DNA sequences invariably develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), despite a temporally limited expression of the transgene in the neonatal liver. To better characterize the different steps of the tumorigenic process, we analyzed the liver expression of the c-myc(More)
Three hepatitis B viruses infecting humans, woodchucks and ground squirrels increase the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in their respective hosts. The woodchuck hepatitis B virus (WHV), unlike the two other viruses, induces a rapid carcinogenic process characterized by direct activation of myc proto-oncogenes by insertion of viral DNA. The highly(More)
We cloned the integrated ground squirrel hepatitis B virus (GSHV) sequences from two hepatomas showing a single viral insertion. The GSHV inserts shared structural features with integrated DNAs of other hepadnaviruses. Insertional activation of a cellular gene appears unlikely: the integrated GSHV sequences lacked the known viral enhancers and were not(More)
We have analysed abnormal virus RNAs produced from integrated woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) sequences in two woodchuck liver tumours. Analysis of cDNA clones revealed that these transcripts consisted of rearranged, virus-specific RNAs encoding the WHV surface antigens. In one tumour, transcription was driven by the major preS2/S promoter and terminated at(More)