Clair Nelson Hayes

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Chronic viral hepatitis is the most important risk factor for progression to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To identify genetic risk factors for progression to HCC in individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), we analyzed 467,538 SNPs in 212 Japanese individuals with chronic HCV with HCC and 765 individuals with chronic HCV without HCC. We(More)
Sustained virological response (SVR) rates have increased dramatically following the approval of direct acting antiviral (DAA) therapies. While individual DAAs have a low barrier to resistance, most patients can be successfully treated using DAA combination therapy. However, DAAs are vulnerable to drug resistance, and resistance-associated variants (RAVs)(More)
BACKGROUND Pegylated interferon, ribavirin, and telaprevir triple therapy is a new strategy expected to eradicate the hepatitis C virus (HCV) even in patients infected with difficult-to-treat genotype 1 strains, although adverse effects, such as anemia and rash, are frequent. METHODS We assessed efficacy and predictive factors for sustained virological(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Ribavirin-induced anemia is one of the major causes of discontinuation and dose reduction during anti-hepatitis C virus therapy. Factors influencing this anemia, especially host genetic factors, are poorly understood. In this study we investigated predictive factors in hepatitis C virus patients treated with combination therapy. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS A common genetic variation at the IL28 locus has been found to affect the response of peg-interferon and ribavirin combination therapy against chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. An allele associated with a favorable response (rs8099917 T), which is the major allele in the majority of Asian, American, and European populations, has(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS A number of recent studies have shown that human polymorphisms near the IL28B type III interferon (IFNλ) gene influence the response to peg-interferon plus ribavirin combination therapy for infection with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV). Viral polymorphisms, including substitutions within the HCV core and NS5A proteins, have also been(More)
We investigated the effects of dental infection with Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.), an important periodontal pathogen, on NASH progression, by feeding mice a high fat diet (HFD)and examining P.g. infection in the liver of NASH patients. C57BL/6J mice were fed either chow-diet (CD) or HFD for 12 weeks, and then half of the mice in each group were infected(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cdc42 is a Rho family GTPase protein and was recently implicated in mediating hepatitis C virus (HCV) infectivity. This study examines the association between Cdc42-related gene and interferon (IFN) therapy in HCV patients. METHODS We analyzed the associations between the outcome of IFN therapy and 17 tagging single nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Common genetic variation within the IL28 locus has been found to influence the effect of peg-interferon and ribavirin combination therapy against chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Expression of IL28 in peripheral blood cells has been reported to be higher in patients with IL28 SNP genotypes associated with favorable response. (More)
UNLABELLED Amino acid (aa) substitutions of core 70 and 91 and in the NS5A (nonstructural protein 5A) interferon sensitivity determining region (ISDR) as well as genetic polymorphisms in the host interleukin-28B (IL28B) locus affect the outcome of interferon (IFN)-based therapies for patients with chronic hepatitis C. The combination of these factors and(More)