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NS1, the major nonstructural parvovirus protein of the minute virus of mice, is a multifunctional protein responsible for several aspects of viral replication. NS1 transactivates the P38 promoter (used to express the structural proteins), as well as its own strong promoter, P4. To study the mechanism of activation and to map regions of NS1 responsible for(More)
Immunosuppressed Swiss Black mice deficient in surfactant protein A (SP-A(-/-)) and wild-type control mice (SP-A(+/+)) were exposed to Pneumocystis carinii by environmental exposure, intratracheal inoculation, and direct exposure to other infected animals. The frequency and intensity of P. carinii infection were significantly greater in the SP-A(-/-) mice(More)
The maximal calcium-activated isometric tension produced by a skinned frog single muscle fiber falls off as the ionic strength of the solution bathing this fiber is elevated declining to zero near 0.5 M as the ionic strength is varied using KCl. When other neutral salts are used, the tension always declines at high ionic strength, but there is some(More)
Cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) are N-glycosylated, endoplasmic reticulum-resident, integral membrane proteins that catalyze the committed step in prostanoid synthesis. COX-1 is constitutively expressed in many types of cells, whereas COX-2 is usually expressed inducibly and transiently. The control of COX-2 protein expression occurs at several levels,(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been of recent interest as adjuncts for ligament repair. However, the effect of these cells on the resident ligament fibroblasts has not yet been defined. In this study, we hypothesized that co-culture of MSCs and ligament fibroblasts would result in increases in the proliferative rate of the ligament fibroblasts and their(More)
The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that there is a functional interaction between the calcium-calmodulin system, which appears to mediate the action of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), and activators of protein kinase C, which stimulate luteinizing hormone (LH) release by a mechanism which does not require extracellular calcium. We(More)
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