Clair E.D. Chilvers

Learn More
The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus in British women is among the highest in the world. To investigate its aetiology, we conducted a multi-centre, population based case-control study in four regions in England and Scotland. We included 74 incident cases in women with histologically confirmed diagnoses of adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus, and(More)
BACKGROUND There is a mismatch between the wish of a patient with depression to have counselling and the prescription of antidepressants by the doctor. AIMS To determine whether counselling is as effective as antidepressants for depression in primary care and whether allowing patients to choose their treatment affects their response. METHOD A partially(More)
The UK National Case-Control Study Group has examined the relationship between smoking (both own smoking and passive), alcohol consumption and caffeine consumption and the risk of breast cancer. A total of 755 women with breast cancer diagnosed before the age of 36, each with an age-matched general population control, were interviewed, and detailed(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen-replacement therapy prevents osteoporosis in postmenopausal women by inhibiting bone resorption, but the balance between its long-term risks and benefits remains unclear. Whether other antiresorptive therapies can prevent osteoporosis in these women is also not clear. METHODS We studied the effect of 2.5 mg or 5 mg of alendronate per(More)
Examination of Hospital Inpatient Enquiry data for England and Wales for the years 1962-81 shows that the annual number of discharges with a diagnosis of undescended testicle has risen by a factor of 2.3. Cohort analysis suggests that the cumulative rate to age 15 of discharge for undescended testis has risen from 1.4% for the 1952 birth-cohort to 2.9% for(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy of antidepressant drugs and generic counselling for treating mild to moderate depression in general practice. To determine whether the outcomes were similar for patients with randomly allocated treatment and those expressing a treatment preference. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial, with patient preference arms. Follow(More)
Active smoking has little or no effect on breast cancer risk but some investigators have suggested that passive smoking and its interaction with active smoking may be associated with an increased risk. In a population based case-control study of breast cancer in women aged 36-45 years at diagnosis, information on active smoking, passive smoking in the home,(More)
Oesophageal cancer rates in women in the UK are more than 3 times higher than in most other European populations. A population-based matched case-control study of histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus in women was carried out in 4 regions in England and Scotland. Interviews were carried out in hospital or at home and topics(More)
Forty-two families with two or more cases of testicular cancer have been reported to the UK Register for Familial Testicular Cancer, comprising two pairs of identical twins, 27 sets of other brothers (25 pairs, two triples), nine father-son pairs, two pairs of first cousins and two uncle-nephew pairs. In total 91 testicular tumours are described in 86(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether a combination chemotherapy regimen that contains epirubicin (fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide [FEC]) is superior to the standard cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF) combination in premenopausal women with axillary node-positive operable breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS The International(More)