Claes von Wachenfeldt

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The cyp102A2 and cyp102A3 genes encoding the two Bacillus subtilis homologues (CYP102A2 and CYP102A3) of flavocytochrome P450 BM3 (CYP102A1) from Bacillus megaterium have been cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and characterized spectroscopically and enzymologically. Both enzymes contain heme, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and flavin(More)
The transcription factor Rex has been implicated in regulation of the expression of genes important for fermentative growth and for growth under conditions of low oxygen tension in several Gram-positive bacteria. Rex senses the redox poise of the cell through changes in the NADH/NAD(+) ratio. The crystal structures of two essentially identical Rex proteins,(More)
An alignment of upstream regions of anaerobically induced genes in Staphylococcus aureus revealed the presence of an inverted repeat, corresponding to Rex binding sites in Streptomyces coelicolor. Gel shift experiments of selected upstream regions demonstrated that the redox-sensing regulator Rex of S. aureus binds to this inverted repeat. The binding(More)
The fer gene from Bacillus subtilis has been subcloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli and the protein (Fer) purified to homogeneity. N-Terminal sequencing and mass spectrometry indicate that the initiator methionine is removed from the protein and that the molecular mass is 8732 Da consistent with that deduced from the gene sequence. Amino-acid(More)
Succinate:menaquinone-7 oxidoreductase (complex II) of the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis consists of equimolar amounts of three polypeptides; a 65-kDa FAD-containing polypeptide, a 28-kDa iron-sulfur cluster containing polypeptide, and a 23-kDa membrane-spanning cytochrome b558 polypeptide. The enzyme complex was overproduced 2-3-fold in(More)
Bacteria use a number of mechanisms for coping with the toxic effects exerted by nitric oxide (NO) and its derivatives. Here we show that the flavohemoglobin encoded by the hmp gene has a vital role in an adaptive response to protect the soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis from nitrosative stress. We further show that nitrosative stress induced by the(More)
A variety of pathways for electron and carbon flow in the soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis are differentially expressed depending on whether oxygen is present in the cell environment. This study characterizes the regulation of the respiratory oxidase cytochrome bd and the NADH-linked fermentative lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Transcription of the cydABCD(More)
The two flavodoxins (YkuN and YkuP) from Bacillus subtilis have been cloned, overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified. DNA sequencing, mass spectrometry, and flavin-binding properties showed that both YkuN and YkuP were typical short-chain flavodoxins (158 and 151 amino acids, respectively) and that an error in the published B. subtilis genome(More)
A hydrophobic segment present in the N-terminus of microsomal P450s is thought to serve as a membrane anchor. A variant of P450 2C3 was constructed, P450 2C3d, that lacked the putative membrane-spanning segment of the N-terminus, residues 3-20. This construct also incorporated substitutions of an alanine for 2Asp to facilitate expression in Escherichia coli(More)
A novel truncated hemoglobin has been identified in the thermophilic bacterium Geobacillus stearothermophilus (Gs-trHb). The protein has been expressed in Escherichia coli, the 3D crystal structure (at 1.5 Angstroms resolution) and the ligand binding properties have been determined. The distal heme pocket displays an array of hydrogen bonding donors to the(More)