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Mucins from human whole saliva, as well as from respiratory- and cervical-tract secretions, were subjected to density-gradient centrifugation in CsCl/0.5 M guanidinium chloride. A polydisperse population of MUC5B mucins was demonstrated in all samples using anti-peptide antisera (LUM5B-2, LUM5B-3 and LUM5B-4) raised against sequences within the MUC5B mucin.(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori causes peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer, and the oral cavity is likely to serve as a reservoir for this pathogen. We investigated the binding of H. pylori to the mucins covering the mucosal surfaces in the niches along the oral to gastric infection route and during gastric disease and modeled the outcome of these(More)
Vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy can be prevented if it is diagnosed before becoming too advanced. Since diabetic retinopathy has been reported to occur only rarely before the end of pubertal development, children and adolescents are seldom included in screening programmes. We invited 780 children and adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes(More)
INTRODUCTION Model systems with oral bacteria from dental plaque have demonstrated that the utilization of complex glycoproteins as a food source cannot be undertaken by single species but requires concerted degradation by a multi-species consortium, with each member contributing one or a few hydrolytic enzymes. Unlike previous studies, the aim of the(More)
Stimulated human submandibular/sublingual (HSMSL) and whole saliva were separated into sol and gel phases and mucins were isolated by density-gradient centrifugation in CsCl/4M guanidinium chloride. MUC5B and MUC7 were identified using anti-peptide antisera raised against sequences within the MUC5B and MUC7 apoproteins respectively. MUC7 was found mainly in(More)
Salivary mucin, MUC5B, is an oligomeric glycoprotein, heterogeneous in size and with a diverse repertoire of oligosaccharides, which differ in composition and charge. Since complex salivary glycoproteins are considered to be the major source of nutrients for the oral supragingival microbiota, the major aim of the current study was to determine whether(More)
Glycoprotein 340 (gp-340) is a bacterial-binding glycoprotein found in major-gland and minor-gland saliva. Sialic acid, a common terminal structure of salivary glycoproteins, interacts with microorganisms and host ligands, as well as with free radicals. This study investigated the contents of gp-340 and sialic acid in minor-gland saliva and whole saliva of(More)
Enterococcus faecalis strain OG1RF and its (p)ppGpp-deficient ΔrelA, ΔrelQ, and ΔrelA ΔrelQ mutants were grown in biofilms and evaluated for growth profiles, biofilm morphology, cell viability, and proteolytic activity. E. faecalis lacking (p)ppGpp had a diminished capacity to sustain biofilm formation over an extended period of time and expressed abundant(More)
Sequence similarities between the oligomeric mucins (MUC2, MUC5AC, MUC5B) and the von Willebrand factor suggest that they may be assembled in a similar way. After oligomerization, a fragment corresponding to the D1 and D2 domains is released from the von Willebrand factor. This cleavage does not appear to occur in pig submaxillary mucin, the only mammalian(More)