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Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) plays a critical role in CNS development. IGF-1 can block neuronal apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. IGF-1 is thought to be cleaved into des-N-(1-3)-IGF-1 and an amino terminal glycine-proline-glutamate (GPE tripeptide). Here we report a neuroprotective role for GPE tripeptide, with enhanced survival of the CA1-2(More)
We have developed an alignment-independent method for classification of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) according to the principal chemical properties of their amino acid sequences. The method relies on a multivariate approach where the primary amino acid sequences are translated into vectors based on the principal physicochemical properties of the(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), a tridecapeptide derived from proopiomelanocortin (POMC), on the neurodegeneration following global cerebral ischemia and reperfusion in the rat. The biological activities of alpha-MSH include inhibition of inflammatory responses and anti-pyretic(More)
 Both 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors have been implicated in modulating ethanol self-administration. A novel serotonergic compound, FG 5974, with combined 5-HT1A agonist/5-HT2A antagonist activities, has shown effects in decreasing ethanol consumption in two-bottle choice paradigms. In the present study, the effect of this compound on operant responding for(More)
This study investigates the effects of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), on neurodegeneration, gliosis and changes in the neurotrophic protein brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and in pro-inflammatory cytokines, following kainic acid (KA)-induced excitotoxic damage in the rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with alpha-MSH(More)
Dipotassium chlorazepate was administered to 12 healthy volunteers (8 males and 4 females), aged 22–38 years, as a single daily dose of 20 mg for 14 days. Plasma concentrations of N-desmethyldiazepam were monitored with a gas-chromatographic method during the medication period and for 5 days after withdrawal of the drug. The plasma half-life (t 1/2), the(More)
Senile plaques in the Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are formed by aggregation of ß-amyloid (Aß) peptide. Aß peptide has been shown to activate microglia and stimulate their production of inflammatory factors, such as cytokines. In the AD brain, the continued presence of amyloid plaques may keep microglia persistently activated, leading to chronic inflammation in(More)
Intrathecal administration of the substance P antagonist Spantide caused marked necrotic changes of the gray matter of the spinal cord extending several segments from the injection site. Intravenous treatment with several doses of thyrotropin releasing hormone before and after Spantide injection completely prevented the necrotic lesion.
INTRODUCTION Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive form of dementia characterized by an increase in the toxic substance β-amyloid in the brain. Platelets display a substantial heterogeneity with respect to density. They further contain a substantial amount of β-amyloid precursor protein. Platelets take up and store serotonin (5-HT) that plays an(More)
A key pathological event during cerebral ischemia is the excitotoxic release of glutamate. We have shown previously that alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) enhances the hypothermia induced by kainic acid. We have investigated the effects of systemic administration of alpha-MSH on four-vessel occlusion forebrain ischemia on core temperature(More)