Claes Helmers

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Cardiac disease is common in patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and cerebral lesions as such may influence cardiac activity and rhythm. To study the indication for continuous ECG surveillance of patients with CVD, 100 consecutive patients admitted to a medical stroke unit were investigated with 24-hour Holter recordings. The patients' mean age was(More)
12 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes were treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (r-epo). 5 patients had stable anemia, 78-92 g/l, and 7 were transfusion-dependent. In 11 patients, r-epo was given intravenously three times a week, with dose escalation after 4 and 8 wk if hemoglobin did not increase more than 15 g/l. The doses were 600, 1500 and(More)
During two years 450 patients with AMI have been treated in the CCU at Serafimerlasarettet. Serum potassium level was determined in 444 patients on admission. Hyperkalaemia was a rare finding associated with a bad state on admission and a poor prognosis. Hypokalaemia was recorded in 15% of the patients and was associated with previous diuretic treatment,(More)
Corrected QT (QTc) intervals were measured retrospectively in 160 consecutive survivors of acute myocardial infarction under 66 years of age. Calculations were made the first 2 d in the coronary care unit (CCU), the first post-CCU day, at discharge, and at 1-3, 6, and 12 months after discharge. All patients were in sinus rhythm and without bundle branch(More)
The clinical diagnosis of the type of acute cerebrovascular diseases is often considered unreliable, although this has not been validated prospectively in representative patients. The accuracy of bedside diagnostics was, therefore, tested in 206 patients consecutively admitted to the Stroke Unit of the Serafimerlasarettet in Stockholm. Bedside diagnosis(More)
A five-year follow-up of 53 diabetic patients admitted for their first stroke in 1972--73 has been performed. They were compared with two groups of 53 non-diabetic patients each with cerebrovascular disease (CVD), one randomly selected and one matched with the diabetics for age, sex and diagnosis of CVD at discharge. All patients could be traced at(More)
Six cases with acute onset of neurological symptoms and extremely high blood pressure (BP) are reviewed. Hypertensive crisis or stroke were the main differential diagnoses. According to what is advocated for both situations, prompt antihypertensive therapy was instituted. Although recommended doses of hydralazine, reserpine or furosemide were given, the(More)