Cladio D'Onofrio

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Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a known negative regulator of T lymphocyte proliferation. Previously we have indirectly evidentiated the involvement of PGE2 in apoptosis of lymphocytes both in vitro and in vivo. We have evaluated a possible direct effect of PGE2 on apoptosis. To this end we have investigated the in vitro effects of PGE2 on cell death, and its(More)
A method is described which allows human peripheral blood monocytes from any given donor to differentiate in vitro into mature macrophages. About 90% of the starting monocytes are maintained during the long-term culture and are matured to macrophages. Thus cell loss is minimal and the resulting population of mature macrophages can be regarded as(More)
Type A prostaglandins (PGA1 and 16,16-dimethyl-PGA2-methyl ester) were found to block the proliferation of HTLV-I infected cord blood lymphocytes (CBL) in vitro, thus preventing the clonal immortalisation that is considered as a predisposing condition to HTLV-I positive leukaemia. PGA1 and di-M-PGA2 did not affect the long-term survival of normal(More)
Natural human interferon beta (beta-IFN) was tested during the early phase of in vitro infection with HTLV-I virus of human cord blood mononuclear cells (CBL), to evaluate whether its antiviral and immunomodulating effects might prevent spreading of infection in the host. beta-IFN was found to reduce HTLV-I transmission and integration in CBL cultures.(More)
Previous experiments with salt-resistant quince BA29 (Cydonia oblonga cv. Mill.) have shown that this cultivar takes up sodium transiently into the cytosol of shoot protoplasts only in the absence of calcium chloride, or at <1mM calcium chloride. Addition of NaCl > or =100mM to single protoplasts from in vitro-cultivated quince in the presence of 1.0mM(More)
Peripheral mononuclear cells (MNC) collected from 12 healthy donors and 44 leukemic patients at various stages of the disease were tested for natural killer (NK) activity and for their susceptibility to HTLV-I infection in vitro, measured in terms of percentage of p19 positive cells. MNC from leukemic donors at any stage of leukemia (ie, onset or relapse,(More)
The present study shows the effect of human interferon beta (IFN beta) on the susceptibility of highly purified cord blood CD4+ T cells to infection with the human T cell leukaemia virus type I (HTLV-I). Unfractionated cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMC), or a separated CD4+ T cell subpopulation (CBCD4) were exposed to HTLV-I by cocultivation with a(More)
The uptake of foreign particles by mouse and human macrophages influenced by various metabolic inhibitors was examined in order to obtain further informations about the energy-dependent mechanisms which are involved in the phagocytic process. The inhibitors employed were iodoacetate, fluoroacetate, fluoride, malonate, sodium azide, 2-4-dinitrophenol,(More)