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The rapid, accurate and non-invasive diagnosis of respiratory disease represents a challenge to clinicians, and the development of new treatments can be confounded by insufficient knowledge of lung disease phenotypes. Exhaled breath contains a complex mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), some of which could potentially represent biomarkers for lung(More)
Discrimination of bacteria was investigated using pyrolysis-gas chromatography-differential mobility spectrometry (Py-GC-DMS). Three strains belonging to the genus Bacillus were investigated and these included two strains of Bacillus subtilis and a single Bacillus megaterium. These were chosen so as to evaluate the possibility of bacterial strain(More)
A thermally-desorbed polydimethylsilicone (PDMS) membrane approach with analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry has been developed and characterised, to enable the VOC arising in, and on skin, from glandular secretions, exogenous materials, products of perfusion from blood, and microbiological metabolites to be sampled in a single procedure.(More)
A complex profile of volatile organic compounds ("VOC"s) emanates from human skin, which is altered by changes in the body's metabolic or hormonal state, the external environment, and the bacterial species colonizing the skin surface. The aim of this study was to compare VOC profiles sampled from chronic leg wounds with those from asymptomatic skin. Five(More)
An adaptive sampler for collecting 2.5 dm(3) samples of exhaled air from human subjects with an impaired respiratory function is described. Pressure in the upper respiratory tract is continuously monitored and the data used to control an automated system to collect select portions of the expired breathing cycle onto a mixed bed Tenax(trade mark) and(More)
For the first time, ion mobility spectrometry coupled with rapid gas chromatography, using multicapillary columns, was applied for the development of a pattern of signs of life for the localization of entrapped victims after disaster events (e.g., earthquake, terroristic attack). During a simulation experiment with entrapped volunteers, 12 human metabolites(More)
The non-invasive nature of volatile organic compound (VOC) sampling from skin makes this a priority in the development of new screening and diagnostic assays. Evaluation of recent literature highlights the tension between the analytical utility of ambient ionisation approaches for skin profiling and the practicality of undertaking larger campaigns (higher(More)
This experiment observed the evolution of metabolite plumes from a human trapped in a simulation of a collapsed building. Ten participants took it in turns over five days to lie in a simulation of a collapsed building and eight of them completed the 6 h protocol while their breath, sweat and skin metabolites were passed through a simulation of a collapsed(More)
Evaluation of published methods reveals that existing methods for saliva sampling do not address the physical-chemical attributes of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This study describes and presents evidence for adopting in situ sampling of salivary VOCs directly from the oral cavity using a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) based sampler. In vitro studies(More)
Enhancing the analytical space of differential mobility spectrometry with dispersion field amplitude programming was proposed. Six volatile organic compound candidate breath markers, 1,3-butanediol, butanone, ethylbenzene, heptan-2-one, nonanal, and o-xylene were used to characterise the effect of programming the amplitude of the dispersion field on the(More)