Learn More
1. A method to assess changes in presynaptic inhibition of I a afferent terminals in man is proposed. The soleus H reflex was facilitated by a heteronymous I a volley from quadriceps and the amount of reflex facilitation was used to estimate the size of the conditioning I a excitatory post-synaptic potential (e.p.s.p.). It is argued that the size of this(More)
In parallel experiments on humans and in the cat it was investigated how the sensitivity of monosynaptic test reflexes to facilitation and inhibition varies as a function of the size of the control test reflex itself. In man the monosynaptic reflex (the Hoffmann reflex) was evoked in either the soleus muscle (by stimulation of the tibial nerve) or the(More)
Variations in the H-reflex of soleus (Sol), quadriceps (Q) and short head of biceps femoris (Bi) muscles in normal man were used to investigate the effect of volleys in low threshold cutaneous afferents from the ipsilateral limb on transmission of Ib effects from ankle and Q muscles to these different motoneurone (MN) pools. Stimulation of cutaneous(More)
Variations in the soleus monosynaptic reflex have been studied in normal human subjects during soleus contractions while walking, and compared with those observed during voluntary soleus activation. The monosynaptic reflex was always more facilitated during voluntary contractions than during walking. The EMG activity was identical in both situations. Under(More)
Recurrent inhibition elicited by a conditioning H reflex is measured in normal man by the amount of inhibition of a test H reflex produced by motoneurones that have already given rise to the conditioning reflex. The recurrent inhibition of soleus motoneurones is lowered during a voluntary contraction of this muscle while it is enhanced during a voluntary(More)
In an attempt to find the best electrophysiological indicator of improvement for the neuropathy present in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis, several types of nerve conduction were studied at the beginning of dialysis and six months later. Sural nerve conduction and late response latencies were recorded in addition to conventional(More)
Variations in the H-reflex of soleus, tibialis anterior, quadriceps and short head of biceps femoris muscles were studied in normal man, preceded by a conditioning stimulus applied to either gastrocnemius medialis, the inferior branch of soleus or the common peroneal nerve. The observed variations were evoked by low threshold afferents, had a very short(More)
A new method for estimating presynaptic inhibition of soleus (Sol) Ia fibres in man is introduced based on the assessment of the amount of facilitation produced by a preceding homonymous Ia volley onto a Sol monosynaptic reflex. It was found in animal experiments that a reduction of such Ia facilitation reflects the amount of presynaptic inhibition exerted(More)
The soleus H reflex excitability cycle has been studied using, as conditioning stimulus, a mechanical tap, subthreshold for the tendon reflex, which was applied either on the Achilles tendon, the short biceps tendon, or the quadriceps tendon. In all cases there was an early facilitation followed by a longlasting inhibition of the test H reflex. The same(More)