Clémence Merlen

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Glutamine, the most abundant amino acid in plasma, has attracted considerable interest for its cardioprotective properties. The primary effect of glutamine in the heart is commonly believed to be mediated via its anaplerotic metabolism to citric acid cycle (CAC) intermediates; however, there is little direct evidence to support this concept. Another(More)
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are serine/threonine specific protein kinases that respond to cellular stress and regulate a broad range of cellular activities. There are four major isoforms of p38 MAPK: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta. To date, the prominent isoform in heart has been thought to be p38alpha. We examined the expression of each(More)
At the cell surface, βARs and endothelin receptors can regulate nitric oxide (NO) production. β-adrenergic receptors (βARs) and type B endothelin receptors (ETB) are present in cardiac nuclear membranes and regulate transcription. The present study investigated the role of the NO pathway in the regulation of gene transcription by these nuclear G(More)
CD36, a multifunctional protein, is involved in cardiac long chain fatty acid (LCFA) metabolism and in the etiology of heart diseases, yet the functional impact of Cd36 gene variants remains unclear. In 7-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), which, like humans, carry numerous mutations in Cd36, we tested the hypothesis that their restricted(More)
Endothelin receptors are present on the nuclear membranes in adult cardiac ventricular myocytes. The objectives of the present study were to determine 1) which endothelin receptor subtype is in cardiac nuclear membranes, 2) if the receptor and ligand traffic from the cell surface to the nucleus, and 3) the effect of increased intracellular ET-1 on nuclear(More)
BACKGROUND L-asparaginase, a key therapeutic agent in the management of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), dramatically impairs hepatic protein synthesis. We investigated the effects of prolonged exposure to L-asparaginase on antithrombin (AT), fibrinogen and mannan-binding-lectin (MBL) levels, and on the occurrence of thrombotic events (TE)(More)
Intracrine signaling refers to the activation of receptors located within the cell and many intracrine receptors have been localized to the nuclear membrane. The presence and function of nuclear receptors have been studied in isolated nuclei. Much less information is available concerning the function of these receptors within the context of intact cells(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac fibroblasts play important functional and pathophysiological roles. Intracellular ("intracrine") angiotensin-II (Ang-II) signaling regulates intercellular communication, excitability, and gene expression in cardiomyocytes; however, the existence and role of intracrine Ang-II signaling in cardiac fibroblasts is unstudied. Here, we(More)
INTRODUCTION In persons with severe haemophilia A (pwshA), infused factor VIII (FVIII) half-life can vary according to such determinants as blood group, von Willebrand factor (VWF) level or age; however, FVIII pharmacokinetics (PK) has not been well studied in pwshA during exercise. AIM To investigate FVIII PK in pwshA performing moderate-intensity(More)
Lipid bilayers, such as the plasma membrane and nuclear envelope, serve as effective cellular barriers to ions and macromolecules, thus allowing regulated access to subcellular compartments including the cytoplasm and nucleus, respectively. Of course, these barriers are semipermeable and a wide variety of proteins including transporters, ion exchangers,(More)
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