Clémence Granier

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BACKGROUND Genome-wide analyses of the genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in different isolates and populations have identified regions of interest called non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) 1, 2, 3 and 4. At the NIDDM1 locus (2q37.3), calpain-10 (CAPN10) encodes for a ubiquitously expressed protease implicated in the two(More)
Essential oils may be effective preventive or curative treatments against several flagelated poultry parasites and may become primordial either to organic farms, or as more drugs are bannished. The anti-flagellate activity of essential oils obtained from fresh leaves of Cinnamomum aromaticum, Citrus limon pericarps and Allium sativum bulbs was investigated(More)
Histomoniasis or blackhead is a life-threatening disease of turkeys that is caused by a flagellated protozoan, Histomonas meleagridis. The development of an assay to measure the sensitivity of drugs traditionally used against this parasite, as reputed to be effective against other protozoan parasites, is described. The in vitro minimum lethal concentrations(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a long-term complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Genetic studies on DN have been of little help so far, since several genetic association studies have shown conflicting results. Here we report the findings of a case-control study on five SNPs in the glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) gene. The study investigated(More)
The expression of certain HLA class I alleles, including HLA-B*27 and HLA-B*57, is associated with better control of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, but the mechanisms responsible are not fully understood. We sought evidence that pressure from the human restriction factor TRIM5α (hTRIM5α) could contribute to viral control. The hTRIM5α(More)
Despite the renaissance of cancer immunotherapy, no novel immunotherapy has been approved for the treatment of renal cell cancer (RCC) since the availability of recombinant cytokines (interleukin-2, interferon-α). All vaccine trials have failed to meet their endpoints although they have highlighted potential predictive biomarkers (e.g., pre-existing immune(More)
A large body of evidence indicates that the presence of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in tumors is associated with a dampened tumor-specific immune response and a clear negative impact on survival. Many different subsets of Tregs have been identified, which all act through similar or distinct pathways to suppress tumor-specific effector cells. The observation(More)
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors have been successfully developed for non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) displaying chromosomal rearrangements of the ALK gene, but unfortunately resistance invariably occurs. Blockade of the PD-1-PD-L1/2 inhibitory pathway constitutes a breakthrough for the treatment of NSCLC. Some predictive biomarkers of(More)
PURPOSE Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer are a unique group of patients in terms of disease incidence and biology, outcome, and psychosocial needs. This study aims to correlate the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) and age in a population of children and young adults with acute leukemia undergoing hematopoietic stem cell(More)
The algorithms for treatment of metastatic cancers are evolving due to positive results obtained with immunotherapy. Therapeutics approaches to stimulate the immune system have already been used in the treatment of kidney and bladder cancer, such as the administration of cytokines and BCG therapy, confirming the immunogenicity of these tumors. The aim of(More)