Clélia Rejane Antônio Bertoncini

Learn More
In recent years two mechanisms have been proposed for the production of DNA strand breaks in cells undergoing oxidative stress: (i) DNA attack by OH radical, produced by Fenton reaction catalyzed by DNA-bound iron; and (ii) DNA attack by calcium-activated nucleases, due to the increase of cytosolic and nuclear calcium induced by oxidative stress. We set out(More)
Aging is a multifaceted process associated with various functional and structural deficits that might be evolved in degenerative diseases. It has been shown that neurodegenerative disorders are associated with alterations in Ca(2+) homeostasis. Thus, in the present work, we have investigated Ca(2+) signaling and apoptosis in aged striatum. Our results show(More)
Stroke is the most common cause of motor disabilities and is a major cause of mortality worldwide. Adult stem cells have been shown to be effective against neuronal degeneration through mechanisms that include both the recovery of neurotransmitter activity and a decrease in apoptosis and oxidative stress. We chose the lineage stroke-prone spontaneously(More)
Serotonin-induced anorexia has long been recognized as an important part of the CNS mechanisms controlling energy balance. More recently, interleukin-1beta and nitric oxide have been suggested to influence this control, possibly through modulation of hypothalamic serotonin. The present work aimed at investigating the interaction of these systems. We(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a hereditary dominant neurodegenerative disorder and the progression of the disease may be associated with apoptosis and altered expression of apoptotic proteins. The aim of this study was to investigate gene expression of bax and bcl-2 in tissues from R6/1 transgenic (TGN) mice of different ages (3, 6 and 9 months). The mRNA(More)
Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expansion of CAGs repeats and characterized by alterations in mitochondrial functions. Although changes in Ca(2+) handling have been suggested, the mechanisms involved are not completely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible alterations in Ca(2+) handling capacity(More)
Iron imbalance/accumulation has been implicated in oxidative injury associated with many degenerative diseases such as hereditary hemochromatosis, beta-thalassemia, and Friedreich's ataxia. Mitochondria are particularly sensitive to iron-induced oxidative stress - high loads of iron cause extensive lipid peroxidation and membrane permeabilization in(More)
Protein S-glutathionylation is a post-translational modification that controls many cellular pathways. Recently, we demonstrated that the α5-subunit of the 20S proteasome is S-glutathionylated in yeast cells grown to the stationary phase in rich medium containing glucose, stimulating 20S core gate opening and increasing the degradation of oxidized proteins.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphometry and the gene expression of Ki-67, VEGF and caspase 3 and the stress oxidative in the adrenal gland of ovariectomized rats treated with estrogen or isoflavones. We used 15 Wistar rats ovariectomized treated with isoflavones or estrogen during 30 days. At the end of the treatment, the left adrenal gland(More)
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic risk factors such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Mitochondria is the main site of ATP production and its dysfunction leads to decreased oxidative phosphorylation, resulting in lipid accumulation and insulin resistance. Our group has demonstrated that kinins can modulate glucose and lipid(More)