Cláudio Teodoro de Souza

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A growing body of evidence has pointed to the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of major depression. The present study investigated the possibility of synergistic interactions between antidepressant imipramine with the uncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist ketamine. Wistar rats were acutely(More)
The effect of physical training on the neurochemical and oxidative stress markers were evaluated in the striatum of rats with Parkinson's disease (PD). Untrained+sham-operated (USO), untrained+PD (UPD), trained+sham-operated (TSO), and trained+PD (TPD) were submitted to training on the treadmill. The PD was induced and 7 days after the lesion, the animals(More)
1. The purpose of the present study was to verify whether a downhill running protocol was able to induce non-functional overreaching in > 75% of mice. 2. Mice were divided into control (C), trained (TR) and overtrained (OTR) groups. Bodyweight and food intake were recorded weekly. The incremental load test (ILT) and the exhaustive test (ET) were used to(More)
The present study investigated mitochondrial adaptations and oxidative damage after 4 and 8 weeks of running training in skeletal muscle of mice. Twenty-one male mice (CF1, 30–35 g) were distributed into the following groups (n = 7): untrained (UT); trained—4 weeks (T4); trained—8 weeks (T8). Forty-eight hours after the last training session the animals(More)
Several neural, hormonal and biochemical inputs actively participate in the balance of insulin secretion induced by blood glucose fluctuations. The exact role of insulin as an autocrine and paracrine participant in the control of its own secretion remains to be determined, mostly due to insufficient knowledge about the molecular phenomena that govern(More)
Recently, several studies have emerged suggesting a role of the intracellular survival pathways in the treatment of mood disorders. In addition, the beneficial effects of using a combination of antipsychotics and antidepressants have been shown. With this in mind, we evaluated the effects of the acute administration of fluoxetine (FLX), olanzapine (OLZ) and(More)
This study demonstrates that Ca2+ stimulates mitochondrial energy metabolism during spleen lymphocyte activation in response to the ascitic Walker 256 tumor in rats. Intracellular Ca2+ concentrations, phosphorylated protein kinase C (pPKC) levels, Bcl-2 protein contents, interleukin-2 (IL-2) levels, mitochondrial uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2) contents and(More)
Depression is a neuropsychiatric disorder that is commonly found in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Many studies have suggested that physical exercise can have an antidepressant effect by increasing the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and may also prevent neurodegenerative disease. However, different forms of training may promote(More)
Short-term cold exposure of homeothermic animals leads to higher thermogenesis and food consumption accompanied by weight loss. An analysis of cDNA-macroarray was employed to identify candidate mRNA species that encode proteins involved in thermogenic adaptation to cold. A cDNA-macroarray analysis, confirmed by RT-PCR, immunoblot, and RIA, revealed that the(More)
Obesity-induced endoplasmatic reticulum (ER) stress has been demonstrated to underlie the induction of obesity-induced JNK and NF-κB activation inflammatory responses, and generation of peripheral insulin resistance. On the other hand, exercise has been used as a crucial tool in obese and diabetic patients, and may reduce inflammatory pathway stimulation.(More)