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PURPOSE This study compared the effectiveness of a change from enoxaparin to dalteparin for the prophylaxis of patients at risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). METHODS A retrospective cohort study identified hospitalized patients with VTE risk admitted at Wellmont Health System between August 1, 2008 and July 31, 2009. On February 1, 2009, a therapeutic(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the indirect costs of productivity loss between metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and early stage breast cancer (EBC) patients, as well as their respective family members. METHODS The MarketScan Health and Productivity Management database (2005-2009) was used. Adult BC patients eligible for employee benefits of sick leave and/or(More)
Clinical practice guidelines report standards of care for the management of medical conditions based on review of evidence-based medicine. The inherent responsibility and challenge for health care providers is devising a patient-specific care plan through adaptations of established treatment recommendations using the latest clinical evidence and clinical(More)
Warfarin is a widely used and effective oral anticoagulant; however, the agent has an extensive drug and food interaction profile. We describe a 46-year-old African-American man who was receiving warfarin for a venous thromboembolism and experienced a decrease in his international normalized ratio (INR). No corresponding reduction had been made in his(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a common side effect of chemotherapy, and may present during the administration of chemotherapy (ie, acute CINV) or within 25 to 120 hours of chemotherapy (ie, delayed CINV). Preventing CINV with the initiation of chemotherapy is important, because the risk for CINV in future chemotherapy cycles(More)
BACKGROUND Given the various profiles (eg, oral vs intravenous administration, risk of hot flashes vs fatigue) of treatment options (eg, endocrine therapy, chemotherapy) for metastatic breast cancer (mBC), how patients value these attributes of their medications has implications on making treatment decisions and on adherence. OBJECTIVES To understand how(More)
BACKGROUND Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is rare in people aged <50 years. Most patients with this disorder experience progressive worsening of blood cytopenias, with an increasing need for transfusion. The more advanced and severe the disorder, the greater the risk that it will progress to acute myeloid leukemia. Therapy is typically based on the(More)
BACKGROUND Individual studies have assessed the impact of standard prophylactic therapy with 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonists (5-HT3RAs) for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) on cost and utilization, but no synthesis of the findings exists. OBJECTIVE To systematically review published literature on costs and utilization associated(More)
297 Background: Clinical practice may differ according to settings of care and may impact both the quality of care delivered and, ultimately, patient outcomes. This study describes the differences in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) rates between chemotherapy (CT) naïve Medicare cancer patients starting CT in a hospital outpatient (HOP) or(More)