Cláudio Cortez dos Santos

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Despite advances in critical care, the mortality rate in patients with acute lung injury remains high. Furthermore, most patients who die do so from multisystem organ failure. It has been postulated that ventilator-induced lung injury plays a key role in determining the negative clinical outcome of patients exposed to mechanical ventilation. How mechanical(More)
To date, the only therapeutic option that has convincingly been shown to decrease mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been to use a lung-protective strategy that minimises the iatrogenic consequences of providing adequate life support through the use of mechanical ventilation. In terms of the pharmacological options for ARDS, no(More)
Recent evidence suggests that alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) may contribute to the development, propagation, and resolution of acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Proinflammatory cytokines, pathogen products, and injurious mechanical ventilation are important contributors of excessive inflammatory responses in the lung. In(More)
This review summarizes both historical and more recent data on the clinical, cellular and genetic features of Fanconi anemia (FA), a rare autosomal recessive disorder. FA patients are characterized by pancytopenia, congenital malformations, growth delay and an increased susceptibility to the development of malignancies, particularly acute myelogenous(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a recessively inherited disease characterized by bone marrow failure, congenital anomalies, chromosomal instability and hypersensitivity to crosslinking agents. Some of the cellular defects of FA are known to be responsive to the ambient oxygen concentration. We examined the responsiveness of the FA complementation group C (FAC) gene(More)
HFV has been demonstrated to be a safe and effective way to ventilate and oxygenate patients, both short- and long-term, when used by experienced practitioners. It has carved out a niche in the specific management of respiratory problems in children and neonates; however, as understanding of the variables that independently contribute to VILI evolves, it is(More)
Three cDNA transcripts corresponding to complementation group C of Fanconi anemia (FA) were recently cloned. We confirm that the correct reading frame was reported and that a protein of an apparent molecular mass of 60 kDa is translated. A T-to-C transition at base 1,661 in the open reading frame is the only change found to date in the FA(C) cell line,(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical ventilation exaggerates pneumonia-associated pulmonary coagulopathy and inflammation. We hypothesized that the administration of plasma-derived human antithrombin (AT), one of the natural inhibitors of coagulation, prevents ventilator-induced pulmonary coagulopathy, inflammation and bacterial outgrowth in a Streptococcus pneumoniae(More)
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