Cláudia V. Pereira

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Mitochondria are recognized as the producers of the majority of energy cells need for their normal activity. After the initial comprehension of how mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation produces energy, mitochondrial research was not a priority for most cell biologists until novel mitochondrial functions were identified. In fact, it is now known that(More)
The present study analyzed the effects of endurance training against cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction, particularly on the susceptibility to mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) induction in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemia. Twenty-four young male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into sedentary citrate (SED+CIT), sedentary type I(More)
Although doxorubicin (DOX) is a very effective antineoplastic agent, its clinical use is limited by a dose-dependent, persistent and cumulative cardiotoxicity, whose mechanism remains to be elucidated. Previous works in animal models have failed to use a multi-organ approach to demonstrate that DOX-associated toxicity is selective to the cardiac tissue. In(More)
INTRODUCTION Nowadays the 'redox hypothesis' is based on the fact that thiol/disulfide couples such as glutathione (GSH/GSSG), cysteine (Cys/CySS) and thioredoxin ((Trx-(SH)2/Trx-SS)) are functionally organized in redox circuits controlled by glutathione pools, thioredoxins and other control nodes, and they are not in equilibrium relative to each other.(More)
The link between sirtuin activity and mitochondrial biology has recently emerged as an important field. This conserved family of NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase proteins has been described to be particularly involved in metabolism and longevity. Recent studies on protein acetylation have uncovered a high number of acetylated mitochondrial proteins indicating(More)
The aim of the present work was to test the hypothesis that moderate endurance treadmill training ameliorates gastrocnemius mitochondrial bioenergetics and increases the tolerance to the calcium-induced mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening. Twelve adult (6-8 week old) male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups (n=6per(More)
Berberine [Natural Yellow 18, 5,6-dihydro-9,10-dimethoxybenzo(g)-1,3-benzodioxolo (5,6-a) quinolizinium] is an alkaloid present in plants of the Berberidaceae family and used in traditional Chinese and North American medicine. We have previously demonstrated that berberine causes mitochondrial depolarization and fragmentation, with simultaneous increase in(More)
Diet is directly related with physiological alterations occurring at a cell and subcellular level. However, the role of diet manipulation on mitochondrial physiology is still largely unexplored. Aiming at correlating diet with alterations of mitochondrial membrane composition and bioenergetics, Wistar-Han male rats were fed for 11, 22 and 33 days with a(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variations including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been proposed to be involved in idiosyncratic drug reactions. However, current in vitro and in vivo models lack the genetic diversity seen in the human population. Our hypothesis is that different cell strains with distinct mtDNA SNPs may have different mitochondrial(More)
The environmental dioxin 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is classified as a Group 1 human carcinogen and teratogenic agent. We hypothesize that TCDD-induced oxidative stress may also interfere with mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels (mitoKATP), which are known to regulate and to be regulated by mitochondrial redox state. We(More)