Cláudia Roberta de Araújo Gomes

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Quinolones were introduced into clinical practice in the late 1960s. Although quinolone resistance was described early, no transferable mechanism of quinolone resistance (TMQR) was confirmed until 1998. To date, five different TMQRs have been described in the literature, including target protection (Qnr), quinolone modification (AAC(6')-Ib-cr),(More)
The aim of this study was to develop and analyze in vitro azithromycin (AZM)-resistant mutants of Escherichia coli and Shigella boydii. Three clinical isolates of E. coli and one S. boydii isolated from feces samples collected from children under 5 years of age with diarrhea in Lima, Peru were inoculated onto Mueller-Hinton plates containing increasing(More)
Dear Sir, Bartonella bacilliformis is an autochthonous bacterium from rural Andean areas of Peru, Ecuador and Colombia affecting less-favoured populations causing the so-called Carrion's disease. Carrion's disease is a re-emerging illness that has two clinically distinct phases: an acute or haematic phase, known as Oroya Fever characterised by fever and(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic resistance is an increasing problem, particularly in countries where antibiotic use is frequently not controlled. The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of the molecular mechanisms of quinolone-resistance in E. coli isolated from faeces of healthy Peruvian children or those presenting diarrhoea. METHODS The presence of(More)
BACKGROUND The lack of an effective diagnostic tool for Carrion's disease leads to misdiagnosis, wrong treatments and perpetuation of asymptomatic carriers living in endemic areas. Conventional PCR approaches have been reported as a diagnostic technique. However, the detection limit of these techniques is not clear as well as if its usefulness in low(More)
This work investigates the occurrence and features of class 1 integrons and the presence of transferable quinolone resistance determinants (TQRD) among 382 clinical Salmonella enterica isolates of non-Typhimurium serotypes as well as the β-lactamases produced by amoxicillin-resistant isolates. These isolates were recovered in 2001 and from 2004 to 2009 from(More)
The study was aimed to describe the serotype, mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance, and virulence determinants in Shigella spp. isolated from Peruvian children. Eighty three Shigella spp. were serogrouped and serotyped being established the antibiotic susceptibility. The presence of 12 virulence factors (VF) and integrase 1 and 2, along with commonly(More)
INTRODUCTION Bartonella bacilliformis is the etiological agent of Carrion's disease, which is a neglected disease linked to people in low-socioeconomic populations in Andean valleys. An outbreak of B. bacilliformis was reported in a rural area of the Peruvian Amazon region. The aim of this study was to characterize this outbreak using molecular techniques.(More)
BACKGROUND Enteropathogens have shown a high level of resistance against commonly used antibacterial drugs in Peru and it is necessary to explore alternative treatments. The aim of this study was to analyse the in vitro activity of rifaximin against diarrhoeagenic and commensal Escherichia coli in children less than 2 years of age. METHODS The minimal(More)
The aim of this study was to develop in vitro azithromycin (AZM)-resistant mutants of Escherichia coli and Shigella spp. in the presence of Phe-Arg β-naphthylamide (PAβN) and to observe which AZM resistance mechanisms other than efflux pumps were inhibited by PAβN emerge. The frequency of mutation ranged between <6.32 × 10(-10) and 5.22 × 10(-7) for E. coli(More)