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Tissue engineering of large bone defects is approached through implantation of autologous osteogenic cells, generally referred to as multipotent stromal cells or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Animal-derived MSCs successfully bridge large bone defects, but models for ectopic bone formation as well as recent clinical trials demonstrate that bone formation by(More)
Two forms of genetic instability have been described in colorectal cancer: microsatellite instability and chromosomal instability. Microsatellite instability results from mutations in mismatch repair genes; chromosomal instability is the hallmark of many colorectal cancers, although it is not completely understood at the molecular level. As truncations of(More)
Diseases affecting motor neurons, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gerhig's disease), hereditary spastic paraplegia and spinal bulbar muscular atrophy (Kennedy's disease) are a heterogeneous group of chronic progressive diseases and are among the most puzzling yet untreatable illnesses. Over the last decade, identification of mutations in genes(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Synchronous activation of the Wnt signaling pathway, mostly because of loss of function of the APC tumor suppressor, and of the oncogenic KRAS-signaling pathway is very frequent in colorectal cancer and is associated with poor prognosis. METHODS We have generated a compound transgenic mouse model, KRAS(V12G)/Apc(+/1638N), to recapitulate(More)
The Wnt signal-transduction pathway induces the nuclear translocation of membrane-bound beta-catenin (Catnb) and has a key role in cell-fate determination. Tight somatic regulation of this signal is essential, as uncontrolled nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin can cause developmental defects and tumorigenesis in the adult organism. The adenomatous(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) from the bone marrow represent a potential source of pluripotent cells for autologous bone tissue engineering. We previously discovered that over activation of the Wnt signal transduction pathway by either lithium or Wnt3A stimulates hMSC proliferation while retaining pluripotency. Release of Wnt3A or lithium from porous(More)
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a late-onset autosomal dominant muscular dystrophy that results from small expansions of a polyalanine tract in the PABPN1 gene. Intranuclear inclusions are the pathological hallmark of OPMD. The mechanism by which protein aggregation in OPMD might relate to a toxic gain-of-function has so far remained elusive.(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the association between Tourette syndrome (TS) and genetic variants in genomic loci MEIS1, MAP2K5/LBXCOR1, and BTBD9, for which genome-wide association studies in restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movements during sleep revealed common risk variants. DESIGN Case-control association study. SETTING Movement disorder clinic in(More)
OBJECTIVES To fully ascertain the familial aggregation of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and to characterize the clinical features of familial RLS (fRLS) cases. DESIGN A case series survey with a high response rate. SETTING Academic research center. PARTICIPANTS Consecutive RLS probands (n = 249) were followed up in a specialized sleep center for 15(More)
Mutation searching was performed in the hMSH2 and hMLH1 genes in 20 Portuguese families representing 124 registered affected individuals. Of the 20, 16 fulfilled the classic 'Amsterdam' criteria for HNPCC, whereas the remaining four families satisfied a modified set of criteria. These criteria required a CRC diagnosed before age 50 years and cancers(More)