Cláudia Costa

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A method was developed for the investigation of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation in cultured fibroblasts. Monolayer cultures were incubated without foetal calf serum with commercially available [U-13C] palmitic acid and L-carnitine for 96 h. The acylcarnitines produced by the cells were extracted from the cell suspension and analysed either by(More)
We present a new derivatization procedure for the simultaneous gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of free fatty acids and 3-hydroxyfatty acids in plasma. Derivatization of target compounds involved trifluoroacetylation of hydroxyl groups and tert-butyldimethylsilylation of the carboxyl groups. This new derivatization procedure had the advantage(More)
The oxidation of long-chain fatty acids in mitochondria plays an important role in energy production, especially in skeletal muscle, heart and liver. Long-chain fatty acids, activated to their CoA esters in the cytosol, are shuttled across the barrier of the inner mitochondrial membrane by the carnitine cycle. This pathway includes four steps, mediated by a(More)
The analysis of acylglycines is an important biochemical tool for the diagnosis of inherited disorders of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation. A stable isotope dilution gas chromatography negative chemical ionisation mass spectrometry method for the quantitative analysis of short- and medium-chain acylglycines as their bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl (BTFMB)(More)
This study compares the existing statistical association between suicide mortality and the characteristics of places of residence (municipalities), before and during the current economic crisis, in Portugal. We found that (1) the traditional culture-based North/South pattern of suicidal behaviour has faded away, while the socioeconomic urban/rural divide(More)
BACKGROUND Low fruit and vegetable consumption is a risk factor for poor health. Studies have shown consumption varies across neighbourhoods, with lower intakes in disadvantaged neighbourhoods. However, findings are inconsistent, suggesting that socio-spatial inequities in diet could be context-specific, highlighting a need for international comparisons(More)
Actinic keratosis (AKs) is one of the most common skin lesions leading to an increased risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma and other skin malignancies. The lesions principally arise as a result of excessive ultraviolet (UV) exposure. AKs may regress spontaneously, remain stable or evolve to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The risk of squamous cell(More)
Using isolated rat liver mitochondria, in the absence or presence of malonyl-CoA (an inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase I), we have found that carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) is active with palmitoyl-CoA as well as with its beta-oxidation intermediates. A partially purified CPT II fraction from rat liver mitochondria was shown to be able(More)
A stable isotope dilution gas chromatography chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-CI-MS) method was developed for the quantitative profiling of plasma acylcarnitines. The clean-up procedure was comprised of a solid-phase cation exchange extraction using PRS-columns from which the acylcarnitines were eluted with a barium chloride solution. Isolated(More)