Learn More
Epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) play a major role in regulating metabolism and cardiovascular physiology. Both are secreted in response to stress and their measurement in plasma allows the study of sympathoadrenal function. Several studies investigating sympathoadrenal physiology are conducted using mice. Review of the literature revealed that basal(More)
The aim of the present work was to find out whether NPY synthesized in human adrenal chromaffin cells controls in an autocrine/paracrine fashion the release of catecholamines by these cells. Accordingly, the constitutive and regulated release of both NPY and catecholamines was measured simultaneously in cultured human chromaffin cells. In addition, by using(More)
In this study, we have found that dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPPIV) plays in vivo an active role in the modulation of the inflammatory response of chronic rhinosinusitis. Human nasal mucosa expresses DPPIV-like immunoreactivity in submucosal seromucus glands, leukocytes, and endothelial cells of blood vessels. DPPIV enzymatic activity in nasal tissue biopsies(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a 36-amino-acid peptide that exhibits a large number of physiological activities in the central and peripheral nervous systems. NPY mediates its effects through the activation of six G-protein-coupled receptor subtypes named Y(1), Y(2), Y(3), Y(4), Y(5), and y(6). Evidence suggests that NPY is involved in the pathophysiology of(More)
Kainate-induced epilepsy has been shown to be associated with increased levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the rat hippocampus. However, there is no information on how increased levels of this peptide might modulate excitation in kainate-induced epilepsy. In this work, we investigated the modulation of glutamate release by NPY receptors in hippocampal(More)
To investigate the signals governing routing of biologically active peptides to the regulated secretory pathway, we have expressed mutated and non-mutated proneuropeptide Y (ProNPY) in pituitary-derived AtT20 cells. The mutations were carried out on dibasic cleavage site and or ProNPY C-terminal sequence. Targeting to the regulated secretory pathway was(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is one of the most abundant and widely distributed neuropeptides in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). An overview of the distribution of the G-protein coupled NPY receptor family (Y(1), Y(2), Y(4), Y(5) receptors) in the brain is described. The coexistence of NPY with other neurotransmitters and its wide distribution in(More)
The recently described generation of new neurons in the adult hypothalamus, the center for energy regulation, suggests that hypothalamic neurogenesis is a crucial part of the mechanisms that regulate food intake. Accordingly, neurogenesis in both the adult and embryonic hypothalamus is affected by nutritional cues and metabolic disorders such as obesity,(More)
Adrenal chromaffin cells synthesize and secrete catecholamines and neuropeptides that may regulate hormonal and paracrine signaling in stress and also during inflammation. The aim of our work was to study the role of the cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on catecholamine release and synthesis from primary cell cultures of human adrenal chromaffin cells.(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a 36 amino acid peptide widely present in the CNS, including the retina. Previous studies have demonstrated that NPY promotes cell proliferation of rat post-natal hippocampal and olfactory epithelium precursor cells. The aim of this work was to investigate the role of NPY on cell proliferation of rat retinal neural cells. For this(More)