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Post-translational modifications to tubulin in the sensory and supporting cells of the cochlea were studied using antibodies specific to the tyrosinated, detyrosinated, acetylated and polyglutamylated isoforms. In the sensory cells, microtubules which label intensely with antibodies to tyrosinated tubulin are found in networks within the cytoplasm.(More)
53BP1 is a human BRCT protein that was originally identified as a p53-interacting protein by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae two-hybrid screen. Although the carboxyl-terminal BRCT domain shows similarity to Crb2, a DNA damage checkpoint protein in fission yeast, there is no evidence so far that implicates 53BP1 in the checkpoint. We have identified a Xenopus(More)
Mature inner pillar cells in the mammalian organ of Corti are curved through about 60 degrees, where they arch over adjacent epithelial cells and the apex of an intercellular space called the tunnel of Corti. This report deals with changes in microtubule organization that are associated with cell bending and tunnel formation during morphogenesis of the(More)
Reorganization of centrosomal microtubule-organizing centres and the minus ends of microtubules occurs as the centrosomal ends of large microtubule bundles are repositioned and anchored to cell junctions in certain epithelial cells called inner pillar cells in the mouse organ of Corti. The microtubule bundle that assembles in each cell consists of two(More)
Large cell surface-associated microtubule bundles that include about 3,000 microtubules assemble in certain epithelial cells called inner pillar cells in the mouse organ of Corti. Microtubule-organizing centres (MTOCs) at both ends and near the middle of each cell act in concert during control of microtubule positioning. In addition, the three cell(More)
The intricate and spatially precise ways in which keratin intermediate filaments are deployed in certain cochlear epithelial cells, called supporting cells, suggests that these filaments make a micromechanically important contribution to the functional design of the guinea pig organ of Corti. Filament arrays that include keratins 8, 18, and 19 are confined(More)
This report provides evidence for the formation of a cell surface-associated centrosome with two spatially discrete microtubule-nucleating sites that perform differently; the minus ends of microtubules remain anchored to one site but escape from the other. Centrosomal reorganization in the cells in question, outer pillar cells of the organ of Corti,(More)
This report deals with the as yet undetermined issue of whether cell-surface associated microtubules in certain cochlear epithelial cells are centrosomally nucleated and subsequently migrate to microtubule-capturing sites located at the surface regions in question. Alternatively, the cells may possess additional nucleating sites which are noncentrosomal and(More)
Glutathione transferases (GST) are phase II enzymes catalyzing the detoxification of endogenous noxious compounds and xenobiotics. They also regulate phosphorylation activities of MAPKinases in a catalytic-independent manner. Previous studies have demonstrated the regulation of JNK-dependent pathway by GSTP1/2. Considering the crucial role of JNK in the(More)