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INTRODUCTION Beta 2 microglobulin (beta2M) is filtered by the glomeruli and reabsorbed by the proximal tubular cells where it is metabolized. Its plasma concentration increases with decreasing renal function. AIM To compare serum creatinine (Cr) and serum beta2M as markers of GFR. PATIENTS AND METHODS In 160 adult patients, with various kidney diseases(More)
At our institution, isolation rates of clinical strains of ESBL-producing Proteus mirabilis increased to 8.8% of all P. mirabilis isolates during the period 1997-1999. To evaluate the susceptibility of ESBL-producing P. mirabilis strains against commonly used drugs, we studied 50 non-duplicated isolates selected on the basis of synergy between clavulanate(More)
We assessed the immunogenicity, safety and tolerability of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) administered three, five and 11 months post-natally to 46 pre-term (PT) and 46 full-term (FT) infants. After each dose, there was no significant difference between the groups in antibody levels for any of the vaccine serotypes. After the second dose,(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the agreement between the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and an estimate of creatinine clearance (CCr), calculated from the values of body cell mass (BCM) and of plasma creatinine (PCr), thus avoiding urine collection. The value of BCM was obtained from the measurement of total body impedance in 80 renal patients. The(More)
Chromogranin A (CGA) is a low MW (49,000) acidic hydrophilic protein. It is synthesized in the chromaffm granules of the neuroendocrine cells, and has been found circulating in the blood of healthy subjects. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between serum levels of CGA and renal function. One hundred two renal patients (45 M and 57 F; age(More)
This paper reports the data concerning the net economic cost savings attributable to influenza vaccination in healthy children aged 2-5 years, and may be useful when deciding the best recommendations for the use of influenza vaccine in pediatrics. A total of 303 previously unprimed healthy children aged 2-5 years (163 males; mean age+/-S.D.: 3.22+/-2.43(More)
The characteristics of community-acquired pneumonia associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae infection were compared with those associated with atypical bacterial infection and with mixed S. pneumoniae-atypical bacterial infection in 196 children aged 2-5 years. S. pneumoniae infections were diagnosed in 48 patients (24.5%); atypical bacterial infections,(More)
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are widespread in hospital settings worldwide. The present investigation was undertaken to assess the distribution and prevalence of ESBLs belonging to the TEM and SHV families in 448 ESBL-producing clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae collected from 10 different Italian hospitals. The natures of TEM and SHV(More)
Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella pseudospiralis exhibit differences in the host-parasite relationship such as the inflammatory response in parasitized muscles. Several studies indicate that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) represent a marker of inflammation since they regulate inflammation and immunity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum(More)
In order to evaluate the theoretic coverage of the heptavalent conjugate vaccine against community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) during the first years of life, the anti-capsular IgG antibodies to the nine more common pneumococcal serotypes (1, 4, 5, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, 23F) were quantitated in 196 affected children aged 2-5 years by means of enzyme-linked(More)