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The giant muscle protein titin has become a focus of research interests in the field of muscle mechanics due to its importance for passive muscle stiffness. Here we summarize research activities leading to current understanding of titin's mechanical role in the sarcomere. We then show how low-porosity polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, optimised for(More)
In the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy, cytoskeletal proteins play an important role. In this study, we analyzed titin expression in left ventricles of 19 control human donors and 9 severely diseased (nonischemic) dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) transplant-patients, using gel-electrophoresis, immunoblotting, and quantitative RT-PCR. Both human-heart(More)
The giant muscle protein titin contains a unique sequence, the PEVK domain, the elastic properties of which contribute to the mechanical behavior of relaxed cardiomyocytes. Here, human N2-B-cardiac PEVK was expressed in Escherichia coli and tested-along with recombinant cardiac titin constructs containing immunoglobulin-like or fibronectin-like domains-for(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-induced cardiomyopathy usually is accompanied by elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, which follows from increased myocardial stiffness resulting from upregulated collagen expression. In addition to collagen, a main determinant of stiffness is titin, whose role in ischemia-induced left ventricular stiffening was studied(More)
Passive stiffness was found to be increased in mouse soleus muscles lacking desmin. Because titin is considered to be the major source of muscle elasticity, the stiffening might be explainable by titin adaptation. To test this, passive mechanical properties of single skinned fibres of soleus muscles from desmin knockout and control mice were analysed by(More)
Alcoholic myopathy is characterized by decreased protein synthesis and contents resulting in atrophy of muscle fibers. We investigated the effect of alcohol on the cytoskeletal muscle proteins, nebulin and titin. Because women are more susceptible than men to the toxic effects of alcohol, male and female rats were included. Four groups were investigated:(More)
The PEVK domain of the giant muscle protein titin is a proline-rich sequence with unknown secondary/tertiary structure. Here we compared the force-extension behavior of cloned cardiac PEVK titin measured by single-molecule atomic force spectroscopy with the extensibility of the PEVK domain measured in intact cardiac muscle sarcomeres. The analysis revealed(More)
Kettin is a high molecular mass protein of insect muscle that in the sarcomeres binds to actin and alpha-actinin. To investigate kettin's functional role, we combined immunolabeling experiments with mechanical and biochemical studies on indirect flight muscle (IFM) myofibrils of Drosophila melanogaster. Micrographs of stretched IFM sarcomeres labeled with(More)
The giant protein titin functions as a molecular spring in muscle and is responsible for most of the passive tension of myocardium. Because the titin spring is extended during diastolic stretch, it will recoil elastically during systole and potentially may influence the overall shortening behavior of cardiac muscle. Here, titin elastic recoil was quantified(More)
The shortening velocity of skeletal muscle fibres is determined principally by actomyosin cross-bridges. However, these contractile elements are in parallel with elastic elements, whose main structural basis is thought to be the titin filaments. If titin is stretched, it may contribute to sarcomere shortening simply because it can recoil 'passively'. The(More)