Cinzia Retini

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In this study, we demonstrated that purified capsular polysaccharide of Cryptococcus neoformans is a potent inducer of interleukin-10 (IL-10) secretion by human monocytes. Endogenous IL-10 was involved in regulating tumor necrosis factor alpha and IL-1beta secretion by human monocytes in response to encapsulated C. neoformans strains. Our results suggest a(More)
The regulation by Cryptococcus neoformans encapsulation of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production by human monocytes was investigated. By using encapsulated and acapsular C. neoformans, we demonstrated that both strains induce cytokine production, although the acapsular strain was a better stimulator than the(More)
In a previous paper we demonstrated that human polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) in the presence of normal human serum (NHS) secrete proinflammatory cytokines in response to Cryptococcus neoformans or its major capsular component, glucuronoxylomannan (GXM). The hypothesis that activation of the complement system could be responsible for the observed phenomenon(More)
We previously demonstrated that the principal component of capsular material of Cryptococcus neoformans, glucuronoxylomannan (GXM), induces interleukin-10 (IL-10) secretion from human monocytes. Here we report that encapsulation of the yeast with GXM is able to down-regulate interleukin-12 (IL-12) production by monocytes that would normally occur in the(More)
In the present study we investigated the response of monocytes from AIDS patients, susceptible to cryptococcosis (<200 CD4 cells/microl), against Cryptococcus neoformans. Different patterns of response were observed in these cells compared to cells from healthy donors. In particular, fungicidal activity versus this fungus was impaired; this phenomenon could(More)
Human polymorphonuclear leukocytes from normal subjects produced proinflammatory cytokines in response to stimulation with Cryptococcus neoformans yeast cells. The cytokines released after stimulation of neutrophils included interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor alpha. The magnitude of the cytokine response was related to the(More)
The contribution of human alveolar macrophages (AM) from normal subjects in Cryptococcus neoformans infection was investigated. AM were able to efficiently phagocytize the fungus after opsonization, but killing activity did not occur at an effector-to-target ratio of 10:1 in a 6-h incubation since there was an inhibition of phagosome-lysosome fusion.(More)
Our previous studies have shown that unstimulated alveolar macrophages (AM) play a predominant role as antigen-presenting cells in Cryptococcus neoformans infections, while the function as effector cells seems to be of minor relevance. The present study focuses on the role of encapsulation of C. neoformans on fungicidal activity and the antigen presentation(More)
This report examines the effect of the major capsular polysaccharide of Cryptococcus neoformans, glucuronoxylomannan (GXM), on the antigen-presenting capability of human monocytes treated with acapsular cells of C. neoformans. We found that pretreatment of acapsular cryptococci with GXM downregulates, in a dose-dependent manner, the antigen-presenting(More)
Disseminated infections by the opportunistic yeast Cryptococcus neoformans are characterized by accumulation in tissues of glucuronoxylomannan (GXM), the major component of the capsular polysaccharide. We investigated binding, uptake, and disposal of GXM by peripheral blood neutrophils and monocytes, and the effect of GXM uptake on phagocytic cell function.(More)