Cinzia Pupilli

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The pattern of cytokine production of skin-infiltrating T cells from patients with progressive systemic sclerosis was investigated. Most CD4+ T-cell clones generated from skin biopsy specimens showed a type 2 helper (Th2) cytokine profile (production of interleukin-4, but no interferon (IFN)-gamma). High interleukin-4 but little or no IFN-gamma mRNA(More)
AIMS Cell-mediated immunity and pro-inflammatory cytokines are implicated in the pathogenesis of Type 1 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate whether circulating chemokines involved in T-helper 1 (CXCL10) and T-helper 2 (CCL2) autoimmunity are increased in children with Type 1 diabetes at onset and follow-up. METHODS Serum CXCL10 and CCL2(More)
The type II transmembrane glycoprotein CD38 (ADP-ribosyl cyclase/cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase) has been proposed as a mediator of insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells and as a candidate for autoimmune reactions in type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the presence of anti-CD38 autoantibodies in Caucasian patients with diabetes and investigated the effect of(More)
The human alpha-chemokine receptor fusin/CXCR4 is an important cofactor for entry of T lymphocyte-tropic HIV-1 strains. We investigated the possible regulatory role of T cell cytokine patterns on CXCR4 as well as HIV expression by using in vitro models of both secondary and primary immune responses. Antigen-specific memory CD4+ T cells infected with a(More)
Autoantibodies directed against human CD38 (an enzyme catalysing the interconversion of NAD(+) and cyclic ADP-ribose) have been demonstrated recently in patients with type 2 diabetes. We tested 220 consecutive Caucasian patients with autoimmune chronic thyroiditis, 104 patients with Graves' disease, 220 subjects from the general population (control I) and(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic bowel inflammatory disorder in which the pathogenic role of immune alterations has been suggested, but the immunologic mechanisms responsible for the inflammatory reaction are still poorly understood. We investigated the profile of cytokine secretion by T-cell clones generated from gut tissue specimens of four patients with(More)
Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) quantity and quality in plasma has been investigated as a non-invasive biomarker in cancer. Previous studies have demonstrated increased cfDNA amount and length in different types of cancer with respect to healthy controls. The present study aims to test the hypothesis that the presence of longer DNA strands circulating in plasma can(More)
The mechanisms responsible for mesangial cell proliferation in proliferative glomerulonephritis are only partially understood. This article reports the results of an immunohistochemical study showing high expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR3 by mesangial cells of patients with IgA nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, or rapidly(More)
CD38 is involved in transmembrane signaling in many cell types; anti-CD38 autoantibodies have been described in diabetic patients. We tested whether human anti-CD38 antibodies possess signaling properties by measuring their ability to raise intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) using the fluo-3-acetoxymethyl ester method in a human-derived T-cell line (Jurkat(More)
The distribution of endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) mRNA and protein was investigated in human kidney excised because of renal tumors. ECE-1 immunoreactivity was detected by immunohistochemistry throughout the different areas of the kidney in the vascular and tubular structures. In the cortex, ECE-1 immunostaining was present in the endothelial(More)