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OBJECTIVES Postabsorptive plasma citrulline concentration has been proposed as a reliable marker of small bowel absorptive capacity in short bowel patients. The aim of this study was to address the potentially confounding impact of intestinal inflammation. METHODS Fifty-five patients were selected according to diagnosis, small bowel length, and degree of(More)
BACKGROUND High diagnostic accuracy is reported for magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) in Crohn's disease (CD), but few studies have evaluated its role in abdominal fistulae. The primary aim of this study was to assess the reliability of MRE in the identification of internal fistulae in CD. METHODS One hundred and eighty-six patients with moderate CD(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Studies have shown that the circulating citrulline concentration is decreased in patients with proximal small bowel villous atrophy from coeliac disease and more so in patients with extensive damage to the intestinal mucosa, but there have been few data on HIV enteritis and tropical enteropathy (TE). Our primary aim was to correlate serum(More)
The endocannabinoid system has been extensively investigated in experimental colitis and inflammatory bowel disease, but not in celiac disease, where only a single study showed increased levels of the major endocannabinoid anandamide in the atrophic mucosa. On this basis, we aimed to investigate anandamide metabolism in celiac disease by analyzing(More)
OBJECTIVE The short isoform of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), a cytokine constitutively expressed by epithelial cells, is crucial in preserving immune tolerance in the gut. TSLP deficiency has been implicated in sustaining intestinal damage in Crohn's disease. We explored mucosal TSLP expression and function in refractory and uncomplicated coeliac(More)
BACKGROUND Colitis-associated colorectal cancer affects individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) more often and earlier than cancer in the general population. Colonoscopy provides the surveillance gold standard. Changes to the surveillance intervals depending on endoscopic activity have been made, given data demonstrating that this is an important(More)
AIM Previous studies reported that CD10 positive Colorectal Cancer Cells (CRC) characterized by deeply invasive neoplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS We have examined 50 pts surgically treated for colorectal cancer on at least 5 years follow up. TNM, grading score and survival have been compared to CD10 expression. RESULTS Thirty-four out of fifty cases have(More)
Malabsorption encompasses dysfunctions occurring during the digestion and absorption of nutrients. A small proportion of patients presents with chronic diarrhoea. A clinical history supportive of malabsorption may guide investigations toward either the small bowel or pancreas. Serological testing for coeliac disease will determine most cases without(More)
Anandamide (AEA) is the prominent member of the endocannabinoid family and its biological action is mediated through the binding to both type-1 (CB1) and type-2 (CB2) cannabinoid receptors (CBR). The presence of AEA and CBR in the gastrointestinal tract highlighted their pathophysiological role in several gut diseases, including celiac disease. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to critically review the experience of our unit to identify all the risk factors that can predict the intra-operative and post-operative complications, early and late, that are related to the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 293 patients who had undergone laparoscopic colectomy at the General(More)