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The rpoB gene encoding the beta subunit of the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase was molecularly characterized by PCR amplification and DNA sequencing in 26 Brucella reference strains by using primers selected according to the B. melitensis 16 M rpoB published sequence. Comparison of the rpoB nucleotide sequence of all Brucella strains analysed revealed specific(More)
The frequent occurrence of reoviruses in environmental samples could be a potential source of interference with enterovirus detection, especially when enterovirus isolation on cell culture is required. In order to evaluate new virus-based criteria for enforcing recreational water quality standards, a new method based on a broad reverse transcribed(More)
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is an emerging disease among wild animals in many parts of the world. Wildlife reservoir hosts may thus represent a potential source of infection for livestock and humans. We investigated the role played by the Sicilian black pig, an autochthonous free- or semi-free-ranging domestic pig breed, as a potential source of bTB infection(More)
Brucellosis is a serious problem in Sicily. Brucella melitensis was identified as the species most frequently isolated in humans in Italy. No data, however, are available about the molecular epidemiological characterization of Brucella isolates from humans. We have conducted this study to molecularly characterize clinical isolates of Brucella spp. and to(More)
Mutations in the rpoB gene affecting two amino acids were found in eight rifampicin-resistant Neisseria meningitidis group B and C strains isolated in Italy. The Asp542-->Val substitution, documented for the first time in N. meningitidis, was found in four of the isolates; the His552-->Tyr or Asn substitution in the other four resistant strains. Mutations(More)
Vaccination against Brucella infections in animals is usually performed by administration of live attenuated smooth B. abortus strain S19 and B. melitensis strain Rev1. They are proven effective vaccines against B. abortus in cattle and against B. melitensis and B. ovis in sheep and goats, respectively. However, both vaccines have the main drawback of(More)
BACKGROUND Brucellosis is an important zoonosis caused by the genus Brucella. In addition Brucella represents potential biological warfare agents due to the high contagious rates for humans and animals. Therefore, the strain typing epidemiological tool may be crucial for tracing back source of infection in outbreaks and discriminating naturally occurring(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate by PCR analyses the presence of Coxiella burnetii infection in fetuses of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in the Campania region (Southern Italy). Samples were collected only from aborted fetuses and C. burnetii presence was evaluated by one-tube nested PCR amplification of the IS111 repetitive element. Of the 164(More)
The availability of new polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccines against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C prompted European National Health authorities to carefully monitor isolate characteristics. In Italy, during 1999-2001, the average incidence was 0.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Serogroup B was predominant and accounted for 75% of the isolates,(More)