Cinzia Freschi

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AIM We present a newly designed, localiser-free, head-mounted system featuring augmented reality as an aid to maxillofacial bone surgery, and assess the potential utility of the device by conducting a feasibility study and validation. METHODS Our head-mounted wearable system facilitating augmented surgery was developed as a stand-alone, video-based,(More)
BACKGROUND The da Vinci robotic surgical telemanipulator has been utilized in several surgical specialties for varied procedures, and the users' experiences have been widely published. To date, no detailed system technical analyses have been performed. METHODS A detailed review was performed of all publications and patents about the technical aspects of(More)
In the recent past, several researchers have shown that important variables in relearning motor skills and in changing the underlying neural architecture after stroke are the quantity, duration, content, and intensity of training sessions. Unfortunately, when traditional therapy is provided in a hospital or rehabilitation center, the patient is usually seen(More)
In the near future, it is likely that 3-dimensional (3D) surgical endoscopes will replace current 2D imaging systems given the rapid spreading of stereoscopy in the consumer market. In this evaluation study, an emerging technology, the autostereoscopic monitor, is compared with the visualization systems mainly used in laparoscopic surgery: a binocular(More)
BACKGROUND Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) systems are currently used in only a few surgical specialties: ear, nose and throat (ENT), neurosurgery and orthopaedics. Almost all of these systems have been developed as dedicated platforms and work on rigid anatomical structures. The development of augmented reality systems for intra-abdominal organs remains(More)
Despite many publications reporting on the increased hospital cost of robotic-assisted surgery (RAS) compared to direct manual laparoscopic surgery (DMLS) and open surgery (OS), the reported health economic studies lack details on clinical outcome, precluding valid health technology assessment (HTA). The present prospective study reports total cost analysis(More)
The signal constituted by the successive R-R intervals in the ECG tracing carries important information about the control mechanisms of heart rate. The present paper describes advanced methods of parameter extraction from the R-R duration time series which use autoregressive (AR) modeling and power spectral estimates applied to patients in the MIT-BIH(More)
Ultrasound-guided biopsy is a proficient mininvasive approach for tumors staging but requires very long training and particular manual and 3D space perception abilities of the physician, for the planning of the needle trajectory and the execution of the procedure. In order to simplify this difficult task, we have developed an integrated system that provides(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular procedures are nowadays limited by difficulties arising from the use of 2D images and are associated with dangerous X-ray exposure and the injection of nephrotoxic contrast medium. METHODS An electromagnetic navigator is proposed to guide endovascular procedures with reduced radiation dose and contrast medium injection. Five DOF(More)
Ultrasound (US) imaging offers advantages over other imaging modalities and has become the most widespread modality for many diagnostic and interventional procedures. However, traditional 2D US requires a long training period, especially to learn how to manipulate the probe. A hybrid interactive system based on mixed reality was designed, implemented and(More)