Cinzia Auriti

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The receptor TLR9, recognizing unmethylated bacterial DNA (CpG), is expressed by B cells and plays a role in the maintenance of serological memory. Little is known about the response of B cells stimulated with CpG alone, without additional cytokines. In this study, we show for the first time the phenotypic modification, changes in gene expression, and(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial infections are still a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiology of nosocomial infections in NICUs and to assess the risk of nosocomial infection related to the therapeutic procedures performed and to the clinical characteristics of(More)
Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is a soluble pattern recognition receptor of innate immunity that binds a wide range of pathogens and exerts opsonic effects. We investigated the association between serum MBL levels and development of sepsis in infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Serum MBL levels on admission were measured by(More)
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is frequently associated with active retinitis. In contrast, in the immunocompetent neonate with postnatally acquired CMV infection retinitis is rarely present and usually does not progress. We describe the case of an infant with postnatal CMV infection and active retinitis diagnosed at 20 days of life. Owing to the rapid(More)
BACKGROUND As described in animal models, the lectin-complement pathway is central to the propagation of ischemia-reperfusion injuries in many tissues, including the brain. Similarly, it might affect the genesis of brain damage in preterm infants. MBL2 gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), regulating mannose-binding lectin (MBL) serum levels, could(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of 16 patients presenting a suspected diagnosis of Kabuki syndrome (KS) in the first year of life, to evaluate the clinical handles leading to a prompt diagnosis of KS in newborns. Clinical diagnosis of KS can be challenging during the first year of life, as many diagnostic features(More)
We compared the effectiveness of a single dose and a three-day course of antibiotic prophylaxis in preventing bacterial infections in high-risk neonates. The study was a prospective, randomized controlled trial conducted in a 20-bed tertiary referral neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A series of 130 neonates admitted consecutively to the NICU, fulfilling(More)
We investigated the association of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) serum levels with nosocomial sepsis (NS), their changes overtime during infection, their relation with pathogens, with the MBL2 genotype and their relationship with mortality. In a prospective observational study, we included 365 critically ill neonates: 261 had no infection and 104 had at(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the accuracy of procalcitonin (PCT) as a diagnostic marker of nosocomial sepsis (NS) and define the most accurate cut-off to distinguish infected from uninfected neonates. SETTING Six neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). PATIENTS 762 neonates admitted to six NICUs during a 28-month observational study for whom at least one(More)