Cindy X. Fang

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Cellular hypertrophy is regulated by coordinated pro- and antigrowth machineries. Foxo transcription factors initiate an atrophy-related gene program to counter hypertrophic growth. This study was designed to evaluate the role of Akt, the forkhead transcription factor Foxo3a, and atrophy genes muscle-specific RING finger (MuRF)-1 and atrogin-1 in cardiac(More)
Insulin resistance is concomitant with metabolic syndrome, oxidative stress and cardiac contractile dysfunction. However, the causal relationship between oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction is unknown. This study was designed to determine the impact of overexpression of the cardiac antioxidant metallothionein on cardiac dysfunction induced by insulin(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy contributes to high morbidity and mortality in diabetic populations. It is manifested by compromised ventricular contraction and prolonged relaxation attributable to multiple causative factors including oxidative stress. This study was designed to examine the effect of cardiac overexpression of the heavy metal scavenger(More)
Senescence is accompanied by oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction, although the link between the two remains unclear. This study examined the role of antioxidant metallothionein on cardiomyocyte function, superoxide generation, the oxidative stress biomarker aconitase activity, cytochrome c release, and expression of oxidative stress-related proteins,(More)
Evidence suggests that aging, per se, is a major risk factor for cardiac dysfunction. Oxidative modification of cardiac proteins by non-enzymatic glycation, i.e. advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), has been implicated as a causal factor in the aging process. This study was designed to examine the role of aging on cardiomyocyte contractile function,(More)
Low-molecular-weight organic chromium complexes such as chromium picolinate are often used as dietary supplements to improve insulin sensitivity and to correct dyslipidemia. However, toxicity associated with such chromium compounds has compromised their therapeutic value. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a newly synthesized complex of(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with dyslipidemia, which leads to elevated triglyceride and ceramide levels, apoptosis and compromised cardiac function. METHODS To determine the role of high-fat diet-induced obesity on cardiomyocyte function, weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets incorporating 10% of kcal or 45% of kcal from fat. Mechanical(More)
Insulin resistance leads to oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction. This study examined the impact of catalase on insulin-resistance-induced cardiac dysfunction, oxidative damage and insulin sensitivity. Insulin resistance was initiated in FVB and catalase-transgenic mice by 12 weeks of sucrose feeding. Contractile and intracellular Ca2+ properties were(More)
Aging is often accompanied by reduced insulin sensitivity and cardiac dysfunction. However, the causal relationship between the two remains poorly understood. This study was designed to determine the impact of cardiac-specific overexpression of antioxidant metallothionein (MT) on aging-associated cardiac dysfunction and impaired insulin signaling.(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1) ameliorates cardiac dysfunction in diabetes although the mechanism of action remains poorly understood. This study examined the role of PI-3 kinase/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and calcineurin pathways in cardiac effects of IGF-1 against glucose toxicity. Adult rat ventricular myocytes were cultured for 8 h(More)