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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Insulin resistance is concomitant with metabolic syndrome, oxidative stress and cardiac contractile dysfunction. However, the causal relationship between oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction is unknown. This study was designed to determine the impact of overexpression of the cardiac antioxidant metallothionein on cardiac dysfunction(More)
Cellular hypertrophy is regulated by coordinated pro- and antigrowth machineries. Foxo transcription factors initiate an atrophy-related gene program to counter hypertrophic growth. This study was designed to evaluate the role of Akt, the forkhead transcription factor Foxo3a, and atrophy genes muscle-specific RING finger (MuRF)-1 and atrogin-1 in cardiac(More)
Senescence is accompanied by oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction, although the link between the two remains unclear. This study examined the role of antioxidant metallothionein on cardiomyocyte function, superoxide generation, the oxidative stress biomarker aconitase activity, cytochrome c release, and expression of oxidative stress-related proteins,(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Insulin resistance leads to oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction. This study examined the impact of catalase on insulin-resistance-induced cardiac dysfunction, oxidative damage and insulin sensitivity. METHODS Insulin resistance was initiated in FVB and catalase-transgenic mice by 12 weeks of sucrose feeding. Contractile and(More)
Evidence suggests that aging, per se, is a major risk factor for cardiac dysfunction. Oxidative modification of cardiac proteins by non-enzymatic glycation, i.e. advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), has been implicated as a causal factor in the aging process. This study was designed to examine the role of aging on cardiomyocyte contractile function,(More)
Aging is often accompanied by reduced insulin sensitivity and cardiac dysfunction. However, the causal relationship between the two remains poorly understood. This study was designed to determine the impact of cardiac-specific overexpression of antioxidant metallothionein (MT) on aging-associated cardiac dysfunction and impaired insulin signaling.(More)
Low-molecular-weight organic chromium complexes such as chromium picolinate are often used as dietary supplements to improve insulin sensitivity and to correct dyslipidemia. However, toxicity associated with such chromium compounds has compromised their therapeutic value. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a newly synthesized complex of(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with dyslipidemia, which leads to elevated triglyceride and ceramide levels, apoptosis and compromised cardiac function. METHODS To determine the role of high-fat diet-induced obesity on cardiomyocyte function, weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets incorporating 10% of kcal or 45% of kcal from fat. Mechanical(More)
Alcohol intake is one of the important lifestyle factors for the risk of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Acetaldehyde, the major ethanol metabolite which is far more reactive than ethanol, has been postulated to participate in alcohol-induced tissue injury although its direct impact on insulin signaling is unclear. This study was designed to examine(More)
Although the issue of estrogen replacement therapy on cardiovascular health is debatable, it has presumable benefits for endothelial function in postmenopausal women. However, the fear of breast cancer has intimidated women contemplating estrogen treatment and limited its long-term application. An effective alternative remedy not associated with breast(More)