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Three proteins isolated from the excretory-secretory products (ES) of larval Dirofilaria immitis have been previously characterized and termed the 20, 22L and 22U kDa proteins. Two of the proteins (20 and 22L) were produced and released around the time of the third molt and were specifically recognized by immune dog sera. An amino acid sequence common to(More)
Larvae of Toxocara canis, a nematode parasite of dogs, infect humans, causing visceral and ocular larva migrans. In noncanid hosts, larvae neither grow nor differentiate but endure in a state of arrested development. Reasoning that parasite protein production is orientated to immune evasion, we undertook a random sequencing project from a larval cDNA(More)
A cDNA clone, Di29, encoding a homolog of glutathione peroxidase, was isolated from a Dirofilaria immitis adult female cDNA expression library by a combination of polymerase chain reaction amplification with primers designed from the Brugia pahangi glutathione peroxidase gene sequence and hybridization screening of D. immitis cDNA libraries. The Di29(More)
A Dirofilaria immitis cDNA clone encoding a nucleic acid homolog of thioredoxin peroxidase (nDiTPx) was isolated from a fourth-stage larval cDNA library, using serum from dogs vaccinated by chemotherapeutically-abbreviated D. immitis larval infections. The protein encoded by nDiTPx had a predicted molecular mass of 22.1 kDa and the deduced amino acid(More)
Leishmania DNA 1 (LD1) is a 27.5-kb sequence that occurs in all 91 stocks of twelve New and Old World Leishmania species examined; related sequences are present in some other kinetoplastid species. LD1 has no homology to several DNA sequences that are amplified in drug-resistant Leishmania. LD1 occurs in 3 different genomic organizations in Leishmania,(More)
Molecular karyotypes of the UC, LEM87 and LEM115 Leishmania tarentolae strains were obtained. All strains had 24-28 chromosomal bands which varied in size between 300 kb and 2.9 Mb. Several recurrent chromosomal polymorphisms occurred in LEM115 after nutrient shock or subcloning. One type of polymorphism involves the truncation of a 365-kb chromosome which(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the serologic and T-cell immunogenicity for cattle of a recombinant form of the apical complex-associated 77-kDa merozite protein of Babesia bovis, designated Bb-1. The present study characterizes the immunogenic epitopes of the Bb-1 protein. A series of recombinant truncated fusion proteins spanning the majority of the(More)
The development of vaccines for the prevention of filarial nematode infections is in a state of relative infancy in comparison to vaccines for other parasitic diseases, such as schistosomiasis and malaria. There are many reasons for this slow start. Some of the principal problems are: (1) the lengthy and complex life cycle of these organisms with attendant(More)