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A recently described method for recording multiple excitability parameters of human motor nerves has been adapted to the study of sensory nerves. The protocol measures stimulus-response behavior using two stimulus durations (from which the distribution of strength-duration time constants is estimated), threshold electrotonus to 100 ms polarizing currents, a(More)
Over recent decades, the development of specialised techniques such as patch clamping and site-directed mutagenesis have established the contribution of neuronal ion channel dysfunction to the pathophysiology of common neurological conditions including epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, peripheral neuropathy, episodic ataxia, amyotrophic(More)
This study documents the effects of puffer-fish poisoning on peripheral nerve. Excitability measurements investigated membrane properties of sensory and motor axons in four patients. The median nerve was stimulated at the wrist, with compound muscle potentials recorded from abductor pollicis brevis and compound sensory potentials from digit 2.(More)
Threshold tracking was used to compare excitability properties (stimulus-response curves, strength-duration properties, recovery cycle, and threshold electrotonus) of median motor axons at the wrist and peroneal motor axons at the ankle in 12 healthy subjects. Stimulus-response curves and strength-duration properties were similar, though higher stimulus(More)
Chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity is a significant complication in the successful treatment of many cancers. Neurotoxicity may develop as a consequence of treatment with platinum analogues (cisplatin, oxaliplatin, carboplatin), taxanes (paclitaxel, docetaxel), vinca alkaloids (vincristine) and more recently, thalidomide and bortezomib. Typically, the(More)
PURPOSE Neurotoxicity is becoming increasingly recognized as the major dose-limiting toxicity of oxaliplatin. Because the mechanism of oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity remains unclear, the present study investigated the potential of axonal excitability techniques in identifying pathophysiologic mechanisms and early markers of nerve dysfunction. PATIENTS(More)
In a number of clinical studies, measurement of axonal strength-duration properties has been used to provide indirect insight into conductances at the node of Ranvier, particularly persistent Na(+) conductance. However, the specificity of any changes is limited because other factors can affect strength-duration behavior. The present study was undertaken to(More)
INTRODUCTION Dose-limiting neurotoxicity is a major side effect of oxaliplatin treatment, producing initial acute neurotoxicity and chronic neuropathy with increasing exposure. The improvement in survival for patients with early-stage colorectal cancer treated with oxaliplatin has highlighted the need for valid and reliable assessment of peripheral(More)
In acquired polyneuropathies, symptoms and signs are typically distal and symmetrical, more prominent in the lower limbs than the upper limbs. This study was undertaken to measure the extent of the decrease in excitability produced by single impulses and by impulse trains in cutaneous afferents in the median and sural nerves, and to compare the resulting(More)
OBJECTIVE Although autoantibodies targeted against voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC)-associated proteins have been identified in limbic encephalitis (LE) and acquired neuromyotonia (aNMT), the role of these antibodies in disease pathophysiology has not been elucidated. The present study investigated axonal function across the spectrum of VGKC-complex(More)