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Enduring forms of synaptic plasticity are thought to require ongoing regulation of adhesion molecules, such as N-cadherin, at synaptic junctions. Little is known about the activity-regulated trafficking of adhesion molecules. Here we demonstrate that surface N-cadherin undergoes a surprisingly high basal rate of internalization. Upon activation of NMDA(More)
Seizure susceptibility is high in human infants compared to adults, presumably because of developmentally regulated changes in neural excitability. Benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures (BFNIS), characterized by both early onset and remission, are caused by mutations in the gene encoding a human sodium channel (NaV1.2). We analyzed neonatal and adult(More)
Mutations in the GABA(A) receptor gamma2 subunit are associated with childhood absence epilepsy and febrile seizures. To understand better the molecular basis of absence epilepsy in man, we developed a mouse model harboring a gamma2 subunit point mutation (R43Q) found in a large Australian family. Mice heterozygous for the mutation demonstrated behavioral(More)
Genetic background plays a significant role in producing variable seizure outcomes in patients and animal models. The neurobiological mechanism underlying this heterogeneity is not clear. Here we compare GABAergic synaptic properties within the thalamocortical circuit of two commonly used inbred mice strains, the C57B/6 and spike-and-wave discharge (SWD)(More)
OBJECTIVE A major goal of epilepsy research is to understand the molecular and functional basis of seizure genesis. A human GABA(A) gamma2 gene mutation (R43Q) is associated with generalized epilepsy. Introduction of this mutation into a mouse by gene targeting recapitulates the human phenotype demonstrating a strong genotype to phenotype link. GABA(A)(More)
Random number generation with a written response mode provides a potentially appealing marker for executive processes. Impaired performance on written random number generation tasks has been reported in chronic schizophrenic patients. However, no study has investigated whether such a deficit occurs in early schizophrenia and whether its profile and severity(More)
Olfactory systems must solve a difficult combinatorial problem. Based on the architecture of the first synaptic relay of the olfactory system, we developed a model using Hodgkin-Huxley like equations to examine how local inhibition can contribute to developing a pattern of spiking activity that is related to features of synaptic input such as input(More)
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