Cindy Ping Ping Hia

Learn More
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Over the past few decades, the prevalence of asthma has been increasing in the industrialised world. Despite the suggestion of a similar increase in Singapore, the 12 month prevalence of wheeze among schoolchildren in 1994 was 2.5-fold less than that reported in western populations. It was hypothesised that with increasing affluence in(More)
BACKGROUND The uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) enzyme is responsible for conjugation of the bilirubin in the liver as well as for drug metabolism. Some of the polymorphisms have been associated with an increased risk of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia which may explain the increased incidence of jaundice in an Asian population as well(More)
In recent years, there has been increased utilisation of advanced cardiovascular imaging modalities for congenital heart disease (CHD) because of increased survival rates from improved surgical and interventional techniques and medical care. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in particular has seen increased clinical and research utility. The(More)
BACKGROUND Immunosuppressive therapy is reportedly ineffective in adults with acute myocarditis. AIMS To systematically review the impact of immunosuppressive therapy on the outcome of acute myocarditis in children. METHODS A literature search for articles published from 1984 to 2003 was conducted with the following keywords: myocarditis, dilated(More)
Left-ventricular apical hypoplasia is a rare entity. Although it has typical imaging features on cardiovascular magnetic resonance, recognizing this condition on echocardiography can be challenging. This report describes an asymptomatic pediatric patient who initially presented with a left-ventricular mass on echocardiography.
Isolated cleft mitral valve (ICMV) is a rare entity not known to be related to pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD). This report describes the use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging to diagnose ICMV in a patient with repaired PA-VSD who presented with incidental severe mitral regurgitation (MR) on follow-up(More)
Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is an uncommon congenital heart disease with a poor prognosis. We report a rare case of a girl with untreated DORV who survived until adolescence, but then developed infective endocarditis with florid complications and succumbed to it. Although infective endocarditis is seldom encountered in children in developed(More)
INTRODUCTION Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) accounts for 5%-8% of all congenital heart defects. If left untreated, most patients with significant CoA will have varying degrees of morbidity (e.g. hypertension, stroke, collateral formation and ventricular hypertrophy), possibly even mortality. Traditionally, treatment for this condition is surgical. Herein,(More)