Cindy M Little

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Female circumcision (FC), also known as female genital mutilation (FGM), is a procedure that involves partial or complete removal of external female genitalia. The definition given by the World Health Organization (WHO) states that female circumcision "comprise all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other(More)
This article discusses the issue of multifetal pregnancy as a result of fertility treatments. Pregnancies with multiple gestations are associated with serious infant and maternal health risks as well as psychological distress and significant financial consequences, and are a far too common consequence of infertility treatments such as assisted reproductive(More)
Female genital cutting/mutilation (FGC/M) is a procedure that involves physically altering a woman's/girl's genitals for no health benefits. This is a practice that is deeply rooted in culture, religion, and social tradition primarily in some African and Middle East countries. It is performed by a midwife, barber, traditional healer with no surgical(More)
Newborn screening practices have changed since breakthroughs have occurred in genetics and mapping of the human genome. Although newborn screening has been in existence since the 1960s, today's newborn screening practices are subsumed primarily under the umbrella of genetic testing. Inclusion of the family history tool is another dimension of neonatal(More)
This article concerns the issue of multifetal reduction performed in some cases of higher order multiple gestation in order to decrease the possibility of adverse pregnancy outcomes and increase the chances of survival in the remaining fetuses. If multifetal pregnancy reduction is considered as a treatment option, it is usually performed in the first or(More)
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