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BACKGROUND While postpartum depression is a common mental condition with significant burden, it often remains undiagnosed and untreated. The objective of this article is to critically review the literature to determine the current state of scientific knowledge related to the treatment of postpartum depression from a nonbiological perspective. DATA SOURCES(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe national and regional prevalence rates for significant depressive symptoms in women after 12 weeks during the postpartum period, and to identify predictors of postpartum depressive symptoms during this later time period. METHODS Data from the Maternity Experiences Survey of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System were analyzed.(More)
The purpose of this methodological study was to translate the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES) into Mandarin and determine the psychometric characteristics among a sample of 186 Chinese women. The BSES was translated and pilot-tested with 21 breastfeeding women. Following minor revisions to ensure content and semantic equivalence, the instrument was(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of peer support (mother-to-mother) on depressive symptomatology among mothers identified as high-risk for postpartum depression (PPD). METHOD Forty-two mothers in British Columbia were identified as high-risk for PPD according to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and randomly assigned to either a control(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of telephone based peer support in the prevention of postnatal depression. DESIGN Multisite randomised controlled trial. SETTING Seven health regions across Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS 701 women in the first two weeks postpartum identified as high risk for postnatal depression with the Edinburgh postnatal(More)
Mental disorders are among the most common morbidities of pregnancy and the postnatal period, and can have adverse effects on the mother, her child, and family. This Series paper summarises the evidence about epidemiology, risk factors, identification, and interventions for non-psychotic mental disorders. Although the phenomenology and risk factors for(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the risk for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn associated with antenatal exposure to antidepressants. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and CINAHL from inception to 30 December 2012. ELIGIBILITY English language studies reporting persistent pulmonary hypertension of(More)
OBJECTIVE Depression often remains undertreated during pregnancy and there is growing evidence that untoward perinatal outcomes can result. Our systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine whether maternal depression during pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal and infant outcomes. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether true- and false-positive postnatal depression screening scores can be distinguished during the early postpartum period by examining characteristic differences between 2 groups: 1) women with depressive symptomatology at 1 week postpartum who continue to exhibit symptoms at 8 weeks postpartum, compared with those who do not;(More)
IMPORTANCE Untreated depression during pregnancy has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both mother and child and, as such, optimal treatment strategies are required for this population. CONTEXT There are conflicting data regarding potential risks of prenatal antidepressant treatment. OBJECTIVE To determine whether prenatal(More)